Air Force doctrine also recognizes that airpower's unique capabilities are best employed with a balanced approach between centralized control and decentralized execution
, a tenet described in early airpower doctrine.
A major tenet of command and control is centralized direction and decentralized execution
. But there has been steady movement in the last decade toward increased centralization on all levels.
This should include the temporary attachment for control, if not command, of any element that is physically within their AO." (5) As applied in combat operations, this decentralized mode of command, control, and execution is tasked as such: "Each subordinate element is tasked to find, fix, finish, and exploit all enemy forces in their area within their capabilities." (6) FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5 and FM 3-24.2 repeat the theme of decentralized control, but the joint publication on the same subject fails to mention this concept, addressing execution as the only decentralized aspect: "Successful COIN is normally conducted with decentralized execution
based upon centralized vision and orders." (7)
Thus centralized control and decentralized execution
apply to spacepower just as they do to airpower.
Air Force Doctrine Document (AFDD) 1, Air Force Basic Doctrine, includes the following foundational statement: "Centralized control and decentralized execution
of air and space power are critical to effective employment of air and space power.
(15.) "Air Force planners may have to adapt and develop creative C2 [command and control] relationships to facilitate successful mission accomplishment and optimize the tenet of centralized control/ decentralized execution
. Due to the localized nature of most [irregular warfare] enemies and specifically insurgencies, decentralized execution
is vital to the successful integration of airpower." Air Force Doctrine Document (AFDD) 2-3, Irregular Warfare, 1 June 2007, 66, https://www.doctrine.af.mil/AFDCPrivateWeb/ AFDDPageHTML/DoctrineDocs/afdd2-3.pdf.
The combined air operations center (CAOC) must allow decentralized execution
of ISR assets--particularly full-motion-video platforms--by delegating tactical control of platforms apportioned to Multi-National Force-Iraq (MNF-I) during execution.
In addition, the strength of our military lies in decentralized execution
. The tendency for higher-level scrutiny at the tactical level seems to accompany direct Predator feeds and dilutes this strength.
According to Lt Col Woody Parramore, USAF, retired, "Centralized execution happens if a sortie carries out its mission under direct control of an air and space operations center (AOC) (whether a theater AOC, the tanker airlift control center, or the space AOC), with no other echelon in the chain of command issuing orders." (2) Armed with this definition, we can examine AFDD 1's reasons for employing decentralized execution
, situations that may call for centralized execution, and guidelines for using centralized execution.
is essential to generate the tempo of operations required and to cope with the uncertainty, disorder, and fluidic of combat.
BECAUSE THE DEFINITION of decentralized execution
is imprecise, Airmen cannot coherently define the concept or recognize centralized execution.
Tenet One: Centralized Control and Decentralized Execution
. This tenet provides the commander "oversight and ability to direct and coordinate component space forces through mission-type orders, while allowing component forces the flexibility to determine how they will employ their resources to achieve the mission" (p.