Are the sentences mostly long or short; periodic or loose; mostly of one type, such as the declarative
, or with frequent introduction of such other forms as the question and the exclamation?
They find that these spatial interrogatives do not automatically behave like the common garden variety of noun phrases, which function as Ground in a spatial situation, but form a more or less tightly knit paradigm of their own that may obey rules that are--perhaps only slightly--different from those that govern Ground noun phrases in other sentence types such as declaratives
. They cover the formal relations of spatial interrogatives; where, whither, and whence in the languages of Europe; the big world; and spatial relations across sentence types.
We are so used to the sound-bite declaratives
of politicians trying to score points, that I wonder if we have forgotten the art of conversation, let alone dealing with the content of a conversation?
Keywords: intonation, autosegmental-metrical approach, Spanish, broad focus declaratives
, second language acquisition
Based on Sadat-Tehrani (2008), the NPA location in Persian monoclausal declaratives
obeys the following constraints and rules.
This subclass commonly includes tag interrogatives, declaratives
and positive/ negative polar interrogatives.
In this study we analyze the relationship between focus and downstep in Central Catalan declaratives
within the Autosegmental-Metrical (AM) approach of intonational analysis (Pierrehumbert 1980, Beckman and Pierrehumbert 1986, Beckman and Hirschberg 1994, Ladd 1996, Gussenhoven 2004, among many others).
(4) Kaikana te ku-ki kite-(') headman 3.SG COP-FOC FUT-(IND) 'He will be a headman.' (5) Hapoka wa naka kite-[??] cooking.pot 2.SG ask.for FUT-INT 'Did you ask for a cooking pot?' In Sanuma declaratives
and interrogatives are not distinguishable from each other intonationally.
Although findings regarding parental use of declarative
sentences (statements that serve the function of commenting on a child's activities) were inconsistent across studies, Cross (1984) suggested that parental use of declaratives
is an index of the amount of speech directed to the child, a measure that is positively associated with child language development.
In Swedish declaratives
, clause-initial NP Fin NP ...
In his groundbreaking study, Navarro Tomas (1974 ) provides a thorough description of intonational types in Spanish (declaratives
, interrogatives, imperatives) with an impressionistic description of each proposed category.
At the same time, I am just as much an admirer of the spareness of JM Coetzee or Raymond Carver, and of Ernest Hemingway's multi-layered, textured simple declaratives
, which many readers mistakenly tend to think of as 'simple'.