Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to declensional: declined


1. Linguistics
a. In certain languages, the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives with respect to categories such as case, number, and gender.
b. A class of words of one language with the same or a similar system of inflections, such as the first declension in Latin.
2. A descending slope; a descent.
3. A decline or decrease; deterioration: "States and empires have their periods of declension" (Laurence Sterne).
4. A deviation, as from a standard or practice.

[Middle English declenson, from Old French declinaison, from Latin dēclīnātiō, dēclīnātiōn-, grammatical declension, declination; see declination.]

de·clen′sion·al adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
From consideration of the patterns exhibited by other nominals with a nominative singular in -a/-a, it is clear that these forms are each derived on the model of different inflexional patterns belonging to different declensional sub-types.
the two maids', (cootest,Gen:33.1.1348, Bartnik 2011: 72) both the demonstrative and the noun manifest gender and Case), the declensional paradigm of the OE D-system features much more distinctive forms than the nominal one which is characterised by a considerable level of syncretism (cf.
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (LSJ 1429) >pw't' (with alternative orthographies) 'poet' (SL 1158) In fact, it is only in less than 10% of the cases that the Greek first declensional ending -[eta][zeta], is realized as -(y)s in Syriac, e.g., [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (LSJ 1806) > twpwtrytys 'legate, deputy' (SL 520).
The lexical morpheme of the inflected noun was followed by an inflectional morpheme, belonging to the set of the so-called Layer I markers, that assigned the noun to a declensional class and specified the opposition between nominative and oblique case.
Polish is a difficult language to learn because of its extensive inflexion, especially declensional system (seven cases in singular and plural).
Contrary to what is the case in Palula, this marker seems to be obligatory with all singular nouns regardless of gender and declensional class membership.
Thereafter, these lexical units have been grouped into 33 expressions, a term I will use here in order to refer to a lexical root and all its morphological derivations (such as prefixed verbs or suffixed adverbs) and its orthographical, declensional and inflectional variants.
There are some clear trends: simplifying declensional paradigms, using easier forms instead of harder ones (e.g.
First articulated by nineteenth-century evangelicals, this declensional model of Virginia Anglicanism portrayed the established church and its ministers as corrupt and ineffective.
Plac Konstytucji (Constitution Square) is rendered once as "Konstytucji Square" (scrupulously preserving the declensional form of the Polish) and elsewhere as "Constitution Square." Some names for bridges are kept in the Polish genitive; others are not.
On the decline of declensional systems: the overall loss of OE nominal case inflections and the ME reanalysis of -es as his.
Among the criteria used by Baker to posit a thirteenth-century date for the Modwenna episode and which Grint argues are well attested in the twelfth century are rhyming between ai and ie, rhyming between e and ie, and the breakdown of the declensional system.