The first and the main process that happened in the Romanian agriculture after 1989, was decollectivization
and privatization of the agriculture, representing the essential conditions in order to change the types and forms of property, the organization of agricultural production and of the entire agricultural system (Popescu, 2001: 46).
, during the Deng years, weakened the state's interest in supervising the party cadres.
Gorbachev called for decollectivization
from above; China's farmers decollectivized spontaneously from below.
His plan allowed the formation of joint venture companies with multinationals, decollectivization
of the agriculture sector, and profit retention.
Even after decollectivization
in the late 1970s, almost every rural household continued to farm.
1992: Vietnam: decollectivization
and rice productivity growth.
A monumental unintended consequence of the decollectivization
of agriculture was the initiation of a boom in small-scale, nonfarm rural enterprises, which began with Deng Xiaoping's injunction that it was virtuous to be rich.
It is not clear to this writer, however, how many anthropologists actually hang on to such hermetically tribalistic views of culture; these notions seem rather antique, not to say quaint, now that anthropologists are chasing around investigating Internet banking practices and post-Soviet decollectivization
, Destruction and Disillusionment--A Community Study in Southern Estonia.
The first phase began in 1979, when Deng Xiaoping launched a series of reforms, including decollectivization
of agriculture and a return to household farming.
The restitution of land and the decollectivization
, as proposed in the platform of UDF, suggested that the collective farms would no longer bear the burden of agriculture.
has also begun to put increasing demands on children's time, often at the expense of their schooling.