A decade earlier in Communist China, Premier Deng Xiaoping, beginning with his "Four Modernizations" policy, had introduced measures to create a "socialist market economy" (or "socialism with Chinese characteristics") that brought about fundamental market-opening reforms to decommunize
the economy and to permit and encourage private enterprise, foreign direct investment, and private investment in stock markets.
Despite noble efforts by new non-communist governments in Eastern Europe to decommunize
their inhabitants and to educate the masses in civic virtues, the communist legacy of laziness, sloth, servility, and double deals still constitutes a way of life among vast segments of East European and ex-Soviet Union populations.
Table 1 provides additional evidence that the failure to decommunize
C&EE has created incentives for the carriers of change to keep the scores for property rights and government regulation below those of other categories considered in the Index of Economic Freedom.