decomposition


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de·com·po·si·tion

 (dē-kŏm′pə-zĭsh′ən)
n.
1. The act or result of decomposing; disintegration.
2.
a. Chemistry Separation into constituents by chemical reaction.
b. Biology Breakdown or decay of organic materials.

de·com′po·si′tion·al adj.

de·com·po·si·tion

(dē-kŏm′pə-zĭsh′ən)
1. The separation of a substance into simpler substances or basic elements.
2. The process of decaying or rotting. Decomposition of dead organic matter is brought about by the activity of certain bacteria and fungi feeding on it.

decomposition

The process of breakdown of a chemical compound into less complex substances.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.decomposition - the analysis of a vector field
vector algebra - the part of algebra that deals with the theory of vectors and vector spaces
2.decomposition - in a decomposed state
fragmentation - the disintegration of social norms governing behavior and thought and social relationships
decay - an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying; "the corpse was in an advanced state of decay"; "the house had fallen into a serious state of decay and disrepair"
3.decomposition - (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
chemical reaction, reaction - (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; "there was a chemical reaction of the lime with the ground water"
electrolysis - (chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions
4.decomposition - (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal actiondecomposition - (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
decay - the process of gradually becoming inferior
5.decomposition - the organic phenomenon of rotting
organic phenomenon - (biology) a natural phenomenon involving living plants and animals

decomposition

noun (Formal)
1. rot, corruption, decay, rotting, perishing, mortification, putrefaction, putrescence, putridity The bodies were in an advanced state of decomposition.
2. breakdown, disintegration, dissolution, atomization a nuclear reactor which gives complete decomposition and no unwanted byproducts

decomposition

noun
Translations
تَحَلُّل، انْحِلال
rozklad
forrådnelsenedbrydelse
hajoaminen
bomlás
rotnun
afbraakdecompositie

decomposition

[ˌdiːkɒmpəˈzɪʃən] Ndescomposición f, putrefacción f

decomposition

[ˌdiːkɒmpəˈzɪʃən] n [body, plant] → décomposition f

decomposition

n (Phys: of light) → Zerlegung f; (Chem also) → Abbau m; (= rotting)Zersetzung f, → Verfaulen nt

decomposition

[ˌdiːkɒmpəˈzɪʃn] ndecomposizione f

decompose

(diːkəmˈpouz) verb
(of vegetable or animal matter) to (cause to) decay or rot. Corpses decompose quickly in heat.
decomposition (diːkompəˈziʃən) noun
ˌdecomˈposer noun
something that causes a substance to rot or break up into simpler parts.

de·com·po·si·tion

n. descomposición. 1. disolución de una sustancia en elementos químicos;
2. descomposición de material orgánico.
References in classic literature ?
Beyond a certain limit no mechanical disruption of the body could hasten the process of decomposition.
Thus they die in the open air; and at the end of ten days they are in a forward state of decomposition.
It is frequently mixed with marl, and with marine substances in a state of decomposition.
Stopcocks, of which one has an orifice twice the size of the other, communicate between these receptacles and a fourth one, which is called the mixture reservoir, since in it the two gases obtained by the decomposition of the water do really commingle.
There was but little decomposition, a fact attributed to some preservative property in the mineral-bearing soil.
Glittering particles of mica were visible in the earth about it--vestiges of its decomposition.
Although the fertile soil, resulting from the decomposition of the volcanic rocks, supports a rank vegetation, yet the climate is not favourable to any production which requires much sunshine to ripen it.
Some other remains, preserved from decomposition by the grape system, told me that the grapes were of a peculiar breed, highly medicinal in their nature, and that they were counted out and administered by the grape-doctors as methodically as if they were pills.
I even went the length of communicating the opinion of the surgeon consulted, that some chemical means of arresting decomposition had been used and had only partially succeeded-- and I asked her point-blank if the surgeon was right?
Consider, I said, Glaucon, that even the badness of food, whether staleness, decomposition, or any other bad quality, when confined to the actual food, is not supposed to destroy the body; although, if the badness of food communicates corruption to the body, then we should say that the body has been destroyed by a corruption of itself, which is disease, brought on by this; but that the body, being one thing, can be destroyed by the badness of food, which is another, and which does not engender any natural infection-- this we shall absolutely deny?
One by one the remaining brutes stretched themselves upon the bubbling decomposition that covered the mass of bones upon the floor of their den, until but a single apt remained awake.
Some had eaten until their abdomens were so distended that I thought they must burst, for beside the thag there had been fully a hundred antelopes of various sizes and varied degrees of decomposition, which they had unearthed from bur-ial beneath the floors of their lairs to grace the banquet-board.