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1. The act or process of decreasing or becoming gradually less.
2. The amount lost by gradual diminution or waste.
3. Mathematics The amount by which a variable is decreased; a negative increment.

[Latin dēcrēmentum, from dēcrēscere, dēcrē-, to decrease; see decrease.]

dec′re·ment′al (-mĕn′tl) adj.


1. the act of decreasing; diminution
2. (Mathematics) maths a negative increment
3. (General Physics) physics a measure of the damping of an oscillator, expressed by the ratio of the amplitude of a cycle to its amplitude after one period
4. (General Physics) (of spectra) a sequence of related spectrum lines decaying in intensity, e.g. Balmer decay
[C17: from Latin dēcrēmentum, from dēcrescere to decrease]


(ˈdɛk rə mənt)

1. the act or process of decreasing; gradual reduction.
2. the amount lost by reduction.
3. Math. a negative increment.
[1475–85; < Latin dēcrēmentum=dēcrē(scere) to decrease + -mentum -ment]
dec`re•men′tal (-ˈmɛn tl) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.decrement - the amount by which something decreases
amount - the relative magnitude of something with reference to a criterion; "an adequate amount of food for four people"
free fall, drop, dip, fall - a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity; "a drop of 57 points on the Dow Jones index"; "there was a drop in pressure in the pulmonary artery"; "a dip in prices"; "when that became known the price of their stock went into free fall"
shrinkage - the amount by which something shrinks
2.decrement - a process of becoming smaller or shorter
physical process, process - a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states; "events now in process"; "the process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls"
decay, decline - a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
decline, diminution - change toward something smaller or lower
desensitisation, desensitization - the process of reducing sensitivity; "the patient was desensitized to the allergen"
narrowing - a decrease in width
slippage - a decrease of transmitted power in a mechanical system caused by slipping
wastage - the process of wasting
increment, growth, increase - a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important; "the increase in unemployment"; "the growth of population"


References in periodicals archive ?
The OUCC, Indiana's utility consumer watchdog, said decrement pricing is not without some risk for customers because it can force them to pay for uneconomic coal units to run, as opposed to paying the cost incurred by utilities buying power at a lower rate from the wholesale market.
Another illustration in the VATEP appendix even shows a decrement value attached to receiving a "low" risk.
Each fourfold decrement was also associated with an 18% increase in the odds of faster than median decline in spine BMD and 17% increase in the odds of faster than median decline in femoral neck BMD.
The main finding of the present study was that men achieved higher total work, utilization of anaerobic reserve (peak and mean power--above MAP), [La] peak and power decrement, concomitantly with lower values of [VO.
So, in this article, we built the increment and decrement overlapping conservation in small population and evaluated their inbreeding processes and phenotypic changes using multiple loci.
Besides that, the tax rate decrement has smaller influence on multiplicative national income growth than the public expenditure increment, because the disposable income increment (after the tax rate decrement) doesn't go in higher transaction demand as a whole (as it is a case in public expenditure increment), but only in one part and the rest is saving increment.
In this study, a decrement in the newborn weight was seen in [gp91phox.
By substituting (2) into (1), we obtain the dependence of the vibrations damping decrement on the velocity of acoustic wave at synthegran:
The pattern of decrement in TSB values Post Exchange were similar amongst the various causes.
Foroughi added that interruption can cause a noticeable decrement in the quality of work, so it's important to take steps to reduce the number of external interruptions we encounter daily," said.