However, components such as [Na.sup.+] in dairy-processing wastewater have the potential to deflocculate
clays because of the high sodium adsorption ratio and to reduce infiltration (Lieffering and McLay 1996; Balks et al.
In addition, the high repulsing effect caused by SP surfactants can deflocculate
the watery ettringite shell around the cement particles, and the small ettringite needles are freed from their watery shell by the adsorption of the SP molecules  thus providing a more consistent structure of hydrated cement paste.
Salinity--electrical conductivity of water (ECw)--and sodium content or sodicity--exchangeable sodium percent (ESP)--of irrigation water especially influence to what extent soil particles remain together or separate (flocculate and deflocculate
Polyphosphates and other chemical additives that tend to deflocculate
the soil can reduce permeability for the purpose of obtaining a seal.
After incorporating all the pigment, the premix was blended for 10 min to deflocculate