defoliate


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de·fo·li·ate

 (dē-fō′lē-āt′)
v. de·fo·li·at·ed, de·fo·li·at·ing, de·fo·li·ates
v.tr.
1. To deprive (a plant or a vegetated area, for example) of leaves.
2. To cause the leaves of (a plant or plants) to fall off, especially by the use of chemicals.
v.intr.
To lose foliage.

[Late Latin dēfoliāre, dēfoliāt- : Latin dē-, de- + Latin folium, leaf; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

de·fo′li·ate (-ĭt) adj.
de·fo′li·a′tion n.
de·fo′li·a′tor n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

defoliate

vb
1. (Botany) to deprive (a plant) of its leaves, as by the use of a herbicide, or (of a plant) to shed its leaves
2. (Chemistry) to deprive (a plant) of its leaves, as by the use of a herbicide, or (of a plant) to shed its leaves
adj
(Botany) (of a plant) having shed its leaves
[C18: from Medieval Latin dēfoliāre, from Latin de- + folium leaf]
deˌfoliˈation n
deˈfoliˌator n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

de•fo•li•ate

(diˈfoʊ liˌeɪt)

v. -at•ed, -at•ing. v.t.
1. to strip (trees, etc.) of leaves.
2. to cause widespread loss of leaves in (an area of jungle, forest, etc.), as to deprive an enemy of concealment.
v.i.
3. to lose leaves.
[1785–1795; < Medieval Latin dēfoliātus, past participle of dēfoliāre= Latin dē- de- + -foliāre, v. derivative of folium leaf]
de•fo`li•a′tion, n.
de•fo′li•a`tor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

defoliate


Past participle: defoliated
Gerund: defoliating

Imperative
defoliate
defoliate
Present
I defoliate
you defoliate
he/she/it defoliates
we defoliate
you defoliate
they defoliate
Preterite
I defoliated
you defoliated
he/she/it defoliated
we defoliated
you defoliated
they defoliated
Present Continuous
I am defoliating
you are defoliating
he/she/it is defoliating
we are defoliating
you are defoliating
they are defoliating
Present Perfect
I have defoliated
you have defoliated
he/she/it has defoliated
we have defoliated
you have defoliated
they have defoliated
Past Continuous
I was defoliating
you were defoliating
he/she/it was defoliating
we were defoliating
you were defoliating
they were defoliating
Past Perfect
I had defoliated
you had defoliated
he/she/it had defoliated
we had defoliated
you had defoliated
they had defoliated
Future
I will defoliate
you will defoliate
he/she/it will defoliate
we will defoliate
you will defoliate
they will defoliate
Future Perfect
I will have defoliated
you will have defoliated
he/she/it will have defoliated
we will have defoliated
you will have defoliated
they will have defoliated
Future Continuous
I will be defoliating
you will be defoliating
he/she/it will be defoliating
we will be defoliating
you will be defoliating
they will be defoliating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been defoliating
you have been defoliating
he/she/it has been defoliating
we have been defoliating
you have been defoliating
they have been defoliating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been defoliating
you will have been defoliating
he/she/it will have been defoliating
we will have been defoliating
you will have been defoliating
they will have been defoliating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been defoliating
you had been defoliating
he/she/it had been defoliating
we had been defoliating
you had been defoliating
they had been defoliating
Conditional
I would defoliate
you would defoliate
he/she/it would defoliate
we would defoliate
you would defoliate
they would defoliate
Past Conditional
I would have defoliated
you would have defoliated
he/she/it would have defoliated
we would have defoliated
you would have defoliated
they would have defoliated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.defoliate - strip the leaves or branches from; "defoliate the trees with pesticides"
denudate, denude, bare, strip - lay bare; "denude a forest"
Adj.1.defoliate - deprived of leaves
leafless - having no leaves
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlɪeɪt] VTdefoliar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlieɪt] vt [+ area] → défolier
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

defoliate

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlɪeɪt] vtdistruggere con il defogliante
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Jane Fitton A Yes, that sounds like the gooseberry sawfly - its caterpillar larvae can completely defoliate a gooseberry bush, and you may find your crop reduced next year.
It rarely kills a tree or seriously affects its health, though in more severe cases a tree may defoliate.
At the very least, defoliate your plants come winter to prevent disease from carrying into the next season.
The CDFA calls the species "one of the most destructive pests," adding that it favors trees but has been known to defoliate the leaves of 500 types of plants.
Remove these as when hatched as caterpillars they can completely defoliate your plant.
Halysidota Hiibner (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) species include caterpillars that defoliate Moraceae and Myrtaceae plants, e.g., Halysidota orientalis Rothschild, which defoliated Morus alba L.
Without repeated spraying to control them, they will totally defoliate the lilies and destroy the plants.
Weinstein, 90, best known for settling mass claims that totalled $330 million for Vietnam War veterans injured by the Army's use of "Agent Orange" from Dow Chemical (NYSE: DOW) and Monsanto (NYSE: MON) to defoliate forests, was honored as grand marshal of the Memorial Day parade in his home community of Great Neck, N.Y.
Mr Gates added: "They often completely defoliate complete hedgerows but they usually recover quite quickly."