defoliate

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de·fo·li·ate

 (dē-fō′lē-āt′)
v. de·fo·li·at·ed, de·fo·li·at·ing, de·fo·li·ates
v.tr.
1. To deprive (a plant or a vegetated area, for example) of leaves.
2. To cause the leaves of (a plant or plants) to fall off, especially by the use of chemicals.
v.intr.
To lose foliage.

[Late Latin dēfoliāre, dēfoliāt- : Latin dē-, de- + Latin folium, leaf; see bhel- in Indo-European roots.]

de·fo′li·ate (-ĭt) adj.
de·fo′li·a′tion n.
de·fo′li·a′tor n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

defoliate

vb
1. (Botany) to deprive (a plant) of its leaves, as by the use of a herbicide, or (of a plant) to shed its leaves
2. (Chemistry) to deprive (a plant) of its leaves, as by the use of a herbicide, or (of a plant) to shed its leaves
adj
(Botany) (of a plant) having shed its leaves
[C18: from Medieval Latin dēfoliāre, from Latin de- + folium leaf]
deˌfoliˈation n
deˈfoliˌator n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

de•fo•li•ate

(diˈfoʊ liˌeɪt)

v. -at•ed, -at•ing. v.t.
1. to strip (trees, etc.) of leaves.
2. to cause widespread loss of leaves in (an area of jungle, forest, etc.), as to deprive an enemy of concealment.
v.i.
3. to lose leaves.
[1785–1795; < Medieval Latin dēfoliātus, past participle of dēfoliāre= Latin dē- de- + -foliāre, v. derivative of folium leaf]
de•fo`li•a′tion, n.
de•fo′li•a`tor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

defoliate


Past participle: defoliated
Gerund: defoliating

Imperative
defoliate
defoliate
Present
I defoliate
you defoliate
he/she/it defoliates
we defoliate
you defoliate
they defoliate
Preterite
I defoliated
you defoliated
he/she/it defoliated
we defoliated
you defoliated
they defoliated
Present Continuous
I am defoliating
you are defoliating
he/she/it is defoliating
we are defoliating
you are defoliating
they are defoliating
Present Perfect
I have defoliated
you have defoliated
he/she/it has defoliated
we have defoliated
you have defoliated
they have defoliated
Past Continuous
I was defoliating
you were defoliating
he/she/it was defoliating
we were defoliating
you were defoliating
they were defoliating
Past Perfect
I had defoliated
you had defoliated
he/she/it had defoliated
we had defoliated
you had defoliated
they had defoliated
Future
I will defoliate
you will defoliate
he/she/it will defoliate
we will defoliate
you will defoliate
they will defoliate
Future Perfect
I will have defoliated
you will have defoliated
he/she/it will have defoliated
we will have defoliated
you will have defoliated
they will have defoliated
Future Continuous
I will be defoliating
you will be defoliating
he/she/it will be defoliating
we will be defoliating
you will be defoliating
they will be defoliating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been defoliating
you have been defoliating
he/she/it has been defoliating
we have been defoliating
you have been defoliating
they have been defoliating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been defoliating
you will have been defoliating
he/she/it will have been defoliating
we will have been defoliating
you will have been defoliating
they will have been defoliating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been defoliating
you had been defoliating
he/she/it had been defoliating
we had been defoliating
you had been defoliating
they had been defoliating
Conditional
I would defoliate
you would defoliate
he/she/it would defoliate
we would defoliate
you would defoliate
they would defoliate
Past Conditional
I would have defoliated
you would have defoliated
he/she/it would have defoliated
we would have defoliated
you would have defoliated
they would have defoliated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.defoliate - strip the leaves or branches from; "defoliate the trees with pesticides"
denudate, denude, bare, strip - lay bare; "denude a forest"
Adj.1.defoliate - deprived of leaves
leafless - having no leaves
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlɪeɪt] VTdefoliar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlieɪt] vt [+ area] → défolier
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

defoliate

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

defoliate

[diːˈfəʊlɪeɪt] vtdistruggere con il defogliante
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
For the level of 100%, as the soybean cycle progressed, defoliations caused more damages to grain yield, since the most affected stage was R5.
(2004) observed in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), under continuous grazing, that defoliation intensity decreases and the interval between defoliations increase as canopy heights get taller.
Although the main effect of QTL-M on reducing CEW defoliation was not evident in the pair-wise comparison of NIL 1 and NIL 2 (Table 1), it was apparent when the average defoliations of lines with and without QTL-M were compared (Table 2).
During natural outbreaks there is a sequence of defoliations during two to three successive years (Tenow 1972, Bylund 1995).
Multiple defoliations have additive effects and can result in a significant loss of trees (Herrick and Gansner, 1987).
Successive defoliations over several years kill the trees.
As consequence of the longer interval between consecutive defoliations, heifers that received protein salt grazed daily 15.6% of total available grazing area, i.e., each heifer used a 152.1 [m.sup.2] area.
Defoliation frequency (FqD): number of defoliations in expanded or expanding leaf blades during the evaluation period of the tiller, obtained through the equation: FqD= ND / DIA, in which: ND= number of defoliations, DIA= evaluation day of the tiller in question.
The CNB hypothesis predicts that, if nutrient deficiency is relieved (e.g., by fertilization), defoliation does not lead to DIR, and the negative effects of previous defoliations on herbivores should be alleviated (Tuomi et al.
Little information is available about defoliation effects on productivity of mixtures of kura clover with grasses typically grown in this region.