Various species of the genus were at one time recognized as separate genera, particularly the dioecious species and the monoecious species with dehiscent
or indehiscent fruits (Linnaeus, 1753; Kunth, 1838).
conicus were observed indicates that the adult left the dehiscent
fruit capsule at the time of the dispersion of the seed, similar to Api on spp.
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, 2-33-flowered; bracts persistent or deciduous; bracteoles absent; flowers zygomorphic or asymmetric; Sepals 5, two smaller and three larger; petals 5, yellow or orange base; stamens 7, heteromorphic, 4 smaller median, subsessile, fillet erect, 2-3 abaxial larger, 2 laterals, fillets curved, twice the length of the anthers, 1 central, fillet erect, less than anther, 3-4 adaxialstaminodes or or absent, anthers dehiscent
through apical sutures.
dithecal, tetrasporangiate, white, dorsifixed, latrorsely dehiscent
, epidermis striate; nectary disk fleshy, conspicuous, light green, tetra- or pentagonal, with numerous stomata.
Fruits are dehiscent
dry capsules that release wind-dispersed seeds (Smith & Downs, 1974).
Fruit is legume, may be indehiscent and if dehiscent
release seeds via one or two sutures.
4 inches long, straight, hard, grey-tomentose, and dehiscent
, with 1-2 seeds in the upper part (Ali, 1977).
The common causes are vascular disorders (like severe anaemia, thyrotoxicosis, or pregnancy causing venous hum, AV malformations, aneurysms, aberrant vessels as in persistent stapedial artery and dehiscent
jugular bulb, vascular tumours such as glomus tumours, hypertension), neuromuscular disorders (like palatal myoclonus, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, spasm of stapedius, or tensor tympani), miscellaneous (patulous Eustachian tube, local inflammation), etc.
Computed tomography (CT) of the temporal bone showed evidence of a high jugular bulb abutting the TM and the ossicular chain, with a dehiscent
middle ear floor (figure, C).
Stigmas or pistils without stigmas were pollinated by rubbing dehiscent
anthers over them with the help of tweezers.
Observe the plant and note if the species has berries or dry fruits, dehiscent
or indehiscent seeds, and note if seeds are in seed heads or seed clusters as collection methods vary for each category (Table 2).
2) There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of dehiscent
sigmoid plate (P = 0.