The word wei, which has been shown to function as a copula in pre-Classical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1959; Takashima 1990, 1996a, 1997), and, less precisely, as a "contrastive marker" (Peyraube 1996: 166-67) may originally have been a deictic word (with the dental initial *d-).
zhi [CHINESE CHARACTER NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII TEXT] yet another deictic word which not only forms a morphological doublet with qi, but also, in certain contexts, a syntacti c parallel.
Finally, we need to address a construction involving qi that poses a problem if we strictly maintain that the deictic word qi refers to an antecedent farther away in proximity than jue.
We extended our inquiries by considering one more deictic word, zhi [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT RCPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII TEXT], which seems to form a morphological doublet with qi and syntactically occupies the same position as qi and jue.
the narrator takes the listener into the realm of the memorable absent, or fully into the realm of constructive imagination, treating him there to the same deictic words
that he may see and hear what is there to be seen and heard (and to be touched or perhaps even smelled or tasted).
The exhibition's title, "Here, Now," is derived from a 2007 light box in the exhibition that shows a verdant landscape in which a stark white billboard bears those deictic words
referring to space and time.
Therefore, the received message creates the illusion of instantaneity and proximity (the use of deictic words
as "look" and the use of redundant words or postures), but which are, in the end, only simulated, imitated or forwarded unwillingly by users.
For instance, deictic words
such as kore `this' and are `that over there' as well as personal pronouns such as watasi `I' and anata `you' are regularly uttered with pointing gestures; and even nondeictic expressions to simply convey the message that I have a headache or stomach ache can be associated with a combination of pointing and a gesture.