He derived the ideas, in fragmentary fashion, from Bolingbroke, who was an amateur Deist
and optimist of the shallow eighteenth century type, and so far was Pope from understanding what he was doing that he was greatly disturbed when it was pointed out to him that the theology of the poem was Deistic rather than Christian [Footnote: The name Deist
was applied rather generally in the eighteenth century to all persons who did not belong to some recognized Christian denomination.
Jay Leno is one of the most accomplished, hardest-working entertainers in show business," says Matthew Wilson, 2016 NTEA Convention chairman, and chairman & CEO of Switch-N-Go, AmeriDeck & Bucks Divisions of Deist
For example, God does matter to the deist
, without threatening the naturalism of psychology in its present form.
A strict Calvinist, Whitefield believed that good behavior could not get us into heaven; Franklin, self-described Deist
Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and Thomas Paine were more or less deist
in their convictions.
Paine went on to pen several more world-shaping works, including The Crisis (1776), a rallying cry in the darkest days of the Revolutionary War ("these are the times that try men's souls"); Rights of Man (1791), a pro-revolution reply to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France; and The Age of Reason (1794), a deist
It further contends that Lincoln and Jefferson viewed the Declaration in the same way and essentially shared the same ideology--an ideology influenced by the Enlightenment and by the Deist
belief that God had granted the same rights to "all men," rather than just those of the same religion or race, and that moral truths were obtainable through reasoning independent of God.
Yet because of the Deist
critique of the Bible and historical knowledge generally, "Edwards increasingly found it necessary to rely on evidential argument in his engagement with critical issues, far more than he might have preferred" (55).
What is certain is that Europe of the eighteenth century, whether Catholic, Protestant or Deist
, was not ready for it and could not understand it.
But Wells intensely focuses most of this survey on the Universalist crisis of the 1780s in which the orthodox Dwight battled chiefly with the Deist
Ethan Allen (best known as the leading Green Mountain Boy), the Universalist John Murray (perhaps less well known today than his protofeminist wife Judith Sargent Murray), and his chief opponent, Charles Chauncy, long pastor of the First Church of Boston and Universalism's greatest convert from orthodoxy.
In McDermott's case, the "Miscellanies" entries during the 1740s and 1750s make possible a new reading of the great works of the Stockbridge period, including Freedom of the Will, Original Sin, and The End of Creation, as part of a concerted effort to respond to deist
attacks on Christian orthodoxy.
He refers to deist
Thomas Paine and agnostic Robert Ingersoll as "once audacious voices of American atheism" and erroneously claims that Madalyn Murray O'Hair "introduced the first successful legal complaint against school prayer.