Following Masse and Watts (2013), the general parenting style reflects the parental attitudes and beliefs that create the global emotional climate in which parent-child interactions take place; parenting style is described by typologies that classify parents on the basis of their levels of responsiveness and demandingness
(authoritarian, democratic, permissive and negligent); while parenting practices are the specific strategies that parents use to achieve desired results.
Maccoby and Martin (9) divided Baumrind's definition of permissive parental attitudes into negligent parents and permissive parents in terms of the dimensions of demandingness
Na secao de Filosofia Politica Victor Nunes Leal Cruz e Silva tenta elucidar o problema da exigencia relacionado a etica deontologica e como isso afeta os esforcos e ideias de Rawls, no artigo "John Rawls' 'justice as fairness' and the demandingness
Using a qualitative research approach, we explore how parenting styles (particularly in the dimensions of demandingness
and responsiveness) associate with children's academic performance through the lens of Chinese American parents' experiences and views.
DiLorenzo, David, and Montgomery (2007) noted that, among irrational beliefs, demandingness
is viewed as a core belief involved in primary appraisal.
Cross-cultural findings pertaining to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy suggest that although irrationality--the shoulds and demandingness
initially formulated by Albert Ellis (1958) in the United States in the mid 1950's--generally applies to countries in Latin America, Europe, and parts of Africa and Asia, there seem to be significant differences in the degree of musts and demandingness
in some cultures (Ellis & Lega, 1993; Lega & Ellis, 2001).
": Children, with support and accountability, tend to rise to meet high expectations.
of Scanlon's Contractualism." Ethics 113, no.
Elizabeth Ashford, The Demandingness
of Scanlon's Contractualism, 113 Ethics 273, 289, 298-300 (2003).
Thus, while gap-filling duties can be defended against objections from unfairness and demandingness
, we need a substantive justification for their existence.
Through meta-analysis of 325 reports, Pinquart (2013) identified differences between the two groups, with parents of children with a CPC demonstrating less parental warmth, more demandingness
, and more overprotection than parents of healthy children.
Baumrind (1971) settled two dimensions in parenting styles -demandingness and responsiveness-that allowed the identification of four parenting styles: Authoritative (when parents show high levels of demandingness
and responsiveness), Permissive (low levels of demandingness
and high levels of responsiveness), Authoritarian (high levels of demandingness
and low levels of responsiveness) and Neglectful (low levels of both dimensions).