dementia praecox

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dementia prae·cox

Schizophrenia. No longer in scientific use.

[New Latin dēmentia praecox : Latin dēmentia, dementia + Latin praecox, premature.]

dementia praecox

(Psychiatry) a former name for schizophrenia
[C19: New Latin, literally: premature dementia]


(ˌskɪt səˈfri ni ə, -ˈfrin yə)

a severe mental disorder associated with brain abnormalities and typically evidenced by disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
[< German Schizophrenie (1910); see schizo-, -phrenia]
schiz`o•phren′ic (-ˈfrɛn ɪk) adj., n.
schiz`o•phren′i•cal•ly, adv.

dementia praecox

See also: Insanity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dementia praecox - any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
borderline schizophrenia, latent schizophrenia - schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
catatonic schizophrenia, catatonic type schizophrenia, catatonia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
disorganized schizophrenia, disorganized type schizophrenia, hebephrenia, hebephrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
paranoic type schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, paraphrenia, paraphrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
acute schizophrenic episode, reactive schizophrenia - schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration (a few weeks or months)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1911, Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler renamed dementia praecox "schizophrenia.
American madness; the rise and fall of dementia praecox.
Emil Kraepelin popularized the term 'manic-depression' when he distinguished manic-depressive insanity from dementia praecox at the turn of the 20th century (3).

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