dementia praecox


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dementia prae·cox

 (prē′kŏks′)
n.
Schizophrenia. No longer in scientific use.

[New Latin dēmentia praecox : Latin dēmentia, dementia + Latin praecox, premature.]

dementia praecox

(ˈpriːkɒks)
n
(Psychiatry) a former name for schizophrenia
[C19: New Latin, literally: premature dementia]

schiz•o•phre•ni•a

(ˌskɪt səˈfri ni ə, -ˈfrin yə)

n.
a severe mental disorder associated with brain abnormalities and typically evidenced by disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
[< German Schizophrenie (1910); see schizo-, -phrenia]
schiz`o•phren′ic (-ˈfrɛn ɪk) adj., n.
schiz`o•phren′i•cal•ly, adv.

dementia praecox

schizophrenia.
See also: Insanity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dementia praecox - any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
borderline schizophrenia, latent schizophrenia - schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
catatonic schizophrenia, catatonic type schizophrenia, catatonia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
disorganized schizophrenia, disorganized type schizophrenia, hebephrenia, hebephrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
paranoic type schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, paraphrenia, paraphrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
acute schizophrenic episode, reactive schizophrenia - schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration (a few weeks or months)
References in periodicals archive ?
The famous Eugen Bleuler (whose sister suffered from schizophrenia) was prescient when a century ago he published his classic book titled Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias.
Interestingly, the most cited book is the English translation of his Dementia praecox and paraphrenia (1971), which has been cited 3,473 times.
Kraepelin named it as' dementia praecox' in 18962 and Bleuler renamed it as schizophrenia in 19083.
In 1852, Morel brings a condition with the same features into discussion, but calls it dementia praecox, the rationale behind this being that the onset of the disease takes place in adolescence and the disability produced to those affected is very severe in terms of functionality.
Ramirez spent the last 30 years of his life in state hospitals with what was diagnosed at the time as "dementia praecox (schizophrenia), catatonic form." Yet in his silence and despondency he found another language to occupy his mind and heart: art.
An example of PICOS search strategy P (Schizophrenia) |(Perazine) #1 schizophren (*) #5 perazin (*) #2 dementia Praecox #6 taxilan (*) #3 exp schizophrenia[Mesh] #7 pernazin (*) #4 or 1/3 #8 piperazin (*) #9 phenothiazine tranquilizer (*) #10 perazine[Mesh] #11 or 5/10 #4 and #11 and #21 P (Schizophrenia) S (RCT) #1 schizophren (*) #12 randomized controlled trial[pt] #2 dementia Praecox #13 controlled clinical trial[pt] #3 exp schizophrenia[Mesh] #14 randomized [tiab] #4 or 1/3 #15 placebo [tiab] #16 randomly [tiab] #17 trial [tiab] #18 groups [tiab] #19 or 11/17 #20 animals [MeSh] not human [MeSh] #21 #19 not #20 #4 and #11 and #21 Table 4.
In 1911, the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler used the term "autism" in a book about dementia praecox, a debilitating psychotic disorder that was synonymous with stigma, hopelessness, and institutionalization.

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