dementia praecox

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dementia prae·cox

Schizophrenia. No longer in scientific use.

[New Latin dēmentia praecox : Latin dēmentia, dementia + Latin praecox, premature.]

dementia praecox

(Psychiatry) a former name for schizophrenia
[C19: New Latin, literally: premature dementia]


(ˌskɪt səˈfri ni ə, -ˈfrin yə)

a severe mental disorder associated with brain abnormalities and typically evidenced by disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
[< German Schizophrenie (1910); see schizo-, -phrenia]
schiz`o•phren′ic (-ˈfrɛn ɪk) adj., n.
schiz`o•phren′i•cal•ly, adv.

dementia praecox

See also: Insanity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dementia praecox - any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
borderline schizophrenia, latent schizophrenia - schizophrenia characterized by mild symptoms or by some preexisting tendency to schizophrenia
catatonic schizophrenia, catatonic type schizophrenia, catatonia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
disorganized schizophrenia, disorganized type schizophrenia, hebephrenia, hebephrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by severe disintegration of personality including erratic speech and childish mannerisms and bizarre behavior; usually becomes evident during puberty; the most common diagnostic category in mental institutions
paranoic type schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, paraphrenia, paraphrenic schizophrenia - a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
acute schizophrenic episode, reactive schizophrenia - schizophrenia of abrupt onset and relatively short duration (a few weeks or months)
References in periodicals archive ?
1950) Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias (transl.
An example of PICOS search strategy P (Schizophrenia) |(Perazine) #1 schizophren (*) #5 perazin (*) #2 dementia Praecox #6 taxilan (*) #3 exp schizophrenia[Mesh] #7 pernazin (*) #4 or 1/3 #8 piperazin (*) #9 phenothiazine tranquilizer (*) #10 perazine[Mesh] #11 or 5/10 #4 and #11 and #21 P (Schizophrenia) S (RCT) #1 schizophren (*) #12 randomized controlled trial[pt] #2 dementia Praecox #13 controlled clinical trial[pt] #3 exp schizophrenia[Mesh] #14 randomized [tiab] #4 or 1/3 #15 placebo [tiab] #16 randomly [tiab] #17 trial [tiab] #18 groups [tiab] #19 or 11/17 #20 animals [MeSh] not human [MeSh] #21 #19 not #20 #4 and #11 and #21 Table 4.
By the late 1920s, schizophrenia had overtaken dementia praecox as a diagnosis, but autism was still applied to children and adults whose emotional and interpersonal experiences appeared remote, solitary, and cut off, and therefore not really emotional and interpersonal at all.

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