Scores in respect of all primers were then pooled for constructing a single data matrix, which was used to estimate polymorphic loci, overall gene frequencies, gene diversity (Nei, 1973), genetic distance (Nei, 1978) and constructing an Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean (UPGMA) dendrogram
using POPGENE, version 1.31 (Yeh et al., 1999) and 'Tools for Population Genetic Analyses (TFPGA, Miller, 1997) software packages.
Pairwise alignment tree for our samples sequence query (dendrogram
) was constructed with NCBI data base available.
The generated iMSCs (irrespective of source) met the criteria set out for MSCs and dendrogram
analyses confirmed that the transcriptomes of all iMSCs clustered together with the parental MSCs and distinct from pluripotent stem cells.
Although RD-Rio isolates have been associated with multidrug resistance (MDR) (4), this branch on a dendrogram
(Figure, panel A) included only drug-susceptible isolates.
The clonal relationship was constructed based on the similarity matrix, and a dendrogram
was generated by ERIC fingerprints among the isolates.
horizontal line represents the linkage distance among samples.
trilobites, brachiopods and bryozoans) along the onshore--offshore profile have been plotted using a dendrogram
(Hints 1990a) and illustrated in separate sections (Hints & Polma 1981; Harper & Hints 2001) in different parts of the region (Paskevicius 2000; Hints & Harper 2003; Kaljo et al.
Such a technique allows for groups to be made up according to their similarities in diverse characteristics, with the results shown in a 'dendrogram
It constructs a two way table called dendrogram
which expresses the relationship of sample and species (Hill, 1979).
Lastly, based on 16S rRNA dendrogram
three separate groups were constructed according to community structure and population compositions (Group A, Group B, and Group C) using (tree.shared) command which was visualized using FigTree program (v1.4.3).
Hierarchical cluster analysis of the leaf micromorphology character state matrix in Table 4 in SPSS led to the average linkage dendrogram