deoxyribonucleic acid


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de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

 (dē-ŏk′sē-rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk, -klā′-, -nyo͞o-)
n.
DNA.

deoxyribonucleic acid

(diːˌɒksɪˌraɪbəʊnjuːˈkleɪɪk) or

desoxyribonucleic acid

n
(Biochemistry) the full name for DNA

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely long, double-stranded nucleic acid molecule arranged as a double helix that is the main constituent of the chromosome and that carries the genes as segments along its strands: found chiefly in the chromatin of cells and in many viruses.
[1930–35]

de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

(dē-ŏk′sē-rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk)
See DNA.

deoxyribonucleic acid

1. (DNA) A molecule found in a cell nucleus that carries genetic information.
2. (DNA) A nucleic acid in the cell’s chromosomes, which contains the cell’s coded genetic instructions. See gene.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deoxyribonucleic acid - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helixdeoxyribonucleic acid - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
operon - a segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenine, A - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
cDNA, complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
episome - DNA that is not incorporated into the genome but is replicated together with the genome (especially in bacterial cells)
cytosine, C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
coding DNA, exon - sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures; "exons are interspersed with introns"
intron, noncoding DNA - sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
junk DNA - stretches of DNA that do not code for genes; "most of the genome consists of junk DNA"
recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid, recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
sticky end - an end of DNA in which one strand of the double helix extends a few units beyond the other
jumping gene, transposon - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
guanine, G - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
T, thymine - a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
àcid desoxiribonucleic
deoksiribonukleiinihappo
acide désoxyribonucléique
acido desoxyribonucleic
acido desossiribonucleico
デオキシリボ核酸
deoksiribonukleinine rūgštis
dezoksiribonukleīnskābe
desoxyribonucleïnezuur
kwas dezoksyrybonukleinowy
ácido desoxirribonucléico
acidul dezoxiribonucleic
deoxyribonukleová kyselina
dezoksiribonukleinska kiselinaдезоксирибонуклеинска киселина
deoxiribonukleinsyra

deoxyribonucleic acid

[diːˌɒksɪˌraɪbəʊnjuːˌkleɪɪkˈæsɪd] Nácido m desoxirribonucleico

deoxyribonucleic acid

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

n ácido desoxirribonucleico (ADN)
References in periodicals archive ?
DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is a long molecule that contains the unique genetic code of every human being.
Chromatin: The combination of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and proteins that makes up chromosomes.
In fact, the first sketch of the deoxyribonucleic acid double-helix diagram, made by Francis Crick, is very much an architectural sketch, with soft lines swimming in space, an authoritative representation of geometry, and a confidence in delineation that could easily have come from the hand of Louis Kahn or Eero Saarinen.
Genetical implications of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid Nature 171(4361):964-967
Deoxyribonucleic acid was determined by diphenylamine reaction according to the method of Giles and Myers [37].
What is the common abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid?
On the scientific front, BASF-sponsored research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition demonstrates that a combination of carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene and lutein) in dietary supplement form can effectively protect deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from oxidative stress damage.
The topics include a band energy structure arrangement for organic solar cells with metalized deoxyribonucleic acid strands on an anode electrode, the large-scale deposition of transparent conducting oxides by hollow cathode sputtering, the cost effective fabrication of wafer scale nanoholes for solar cells applications, pushing the material boundaries in sliver solar cell technology, and a comparative study of the manufacturability of selective emitter and double printing on mono-silicon photovoltaic cells.
Welfide said it is highly likely the private institution found a fraction of the genome's deoxyribonucleic acid.
For the past 11 years, the two teams have used sophisticated lab techniques and ultra-powerful computers to crack the intricate chemical structure that forms the genome: the strands of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) found in the nucleus (center) of almost every human cell.
DNA (DeoxyriboNucleic Acid), the material from which the chromosomes of a cell's nucleus are formed, governs cell growth and inheritance.
DNA, Deoxyribonucleic acid, is commonly called the building block of life.

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