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Related to deoxyribose: phosphodiester bond


A pentose sugar, C5H10O4, that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms.


(diːˌɒksɪˈraɪbəʊs; -bəʊz) or


(Biochemistry) a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Formula: C5H10O4


(diˌɒk sɪˈraɪ boʊs)

1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom.
2. the sugar, HOCH2(CHOH)2CH2CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acidsdeoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
References in periodicals archive ?
(2009) confirmed the antioxidant potential of purified phytic acid from corn germen through deoxyribose and bathophenanthroline tests; they concluded that the antioxidant capacity grows with the increase in purified phytic acid concentration.
Presence of these phenolic contents in litchi exhibit excellent antioxidant activity and they are effective in scavenging superoxide anion radicals and inhibiting deoxyribose degradation.
Protection of deoxyribose and DNA from degradation brought about by aqueous extracts of several wild plants.
These hydroxyl free radicals participate in the oxidation of the deoxyribose moiety, followed by the hydrolytic cleavage of the sugar phosphate backbone [21].
It stimulates the hexose monophosphate (HMP) shunt, a series of biochemical reactions that convert 6-carbon sugar (glucose) into 5-carbon sugars (ribose and deoxyribose).
O[H.sup.o] were generated by incubating the following reagents in a final volume of 1.2 ml 10 mM K[H.sub.2]P[O.sub.4]-KOH buffer (pH 7.4) at 37[degrees]C for 60 min: 1.4 mM [H.sub.2][O.sub.2], 100 [micro]M Fe[Cl.sub.3] and 2.8 mM deoxyribose, 100 [micro]M EDTA, and 100 [micro]M ascorbic acid in presence or absence (control) of the extract.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA), deoxyribose, ascorbic acid and other chemicals were purchased from M/s Sisco Research Laboratories, Mumbai, India.
Each nucleotide comprises a sugar component (deoxyribose), a phosphate component, and one of four different bases--adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C).
Cyclopurine nucleosides would be expected to induce alterations in the conformational structure of the DNA backbone as a consequence of the covalent bond formed between the C-8 of purines and C'-5 of the deoxyribose moiety.
Each nucleotide consists of two subunits: (1) a modified sugar molecule (i.e., deoxyribose phosphate) and (2) one of four molecules known as organic bases called adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).
These results are in accordance with previous studies on antioxidant activity of Smilax species extracts, which presented diverse mechanisms of action, such as quenching of superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation inhibition, deoxyribose degradation inhibition, and reducing power [29, 55].