Departmental intelligence is valuable for two reasons.
The difference between the more and less successful firms (9) was the existence of what I called departmental intelligence. This is the ability of team members to understand and take others' departmental perspectives; it derives from the knowledge they have about other departments.
Departmental intelligence helps interdepartmental knowledge integration for product improvement by reducing conflict and fostering cooperation.
Departmental intelligence also helps project teams to propose changes to operating routines of departments in a way they will be willing to implement.
3, Annex 9, which defines national intelligence as "integrated departmental intelligence
that covers the broad aspects of national policy and national security, is of concern to more than one Department or Agency, and transcends the exclusive competence of a single Department or Agency or the Military Establishment."
(c) to gather departmental intelligence at the request of any interested department of State, and, without delay to evaluate and transmit such intelligence and any other intelligence at the disposal of the Agency and which constitutes departmental intelligence, to the department concerned and to Nicoc.
(c) to gather departmental intelligence at the request of any interested department of State, and, without delay to evaluate and transmit such intelligence and any other intelligence at the disposal of the Service and which constitutes departmental intelligence, to the department concerned and to Nicoc.
Functions of other departments of State with reference to national security intelligence.--(1) If any law expressly or by implication requires any department of State, other than the Agency or the Service, to perform any function with regard to the security of the Republic or the combating of any threat to the security of the Republic, such law shall be deemed to empower such department to gather departmental intelligence, and to evaluate, correlate and interpret such intelligence for the purpose of discharging such function: Provided that such department of State--
Further complicating the issue is that the departments can meet only some of their legitimate and specific intelligence needs with purely departmental intelligence
resources; thus, some resources must be shared across the IC to reduce costs.
As far as the levels of intelligence are concerned, Kent (43) distinguishes between long-range (strategic) intelligence which serves the purposes of national security and national strategy; medium-range or departmental intelligence which serves the purpose of primarily providing policy-relevant intelligence to a specific state department; and short-range or operational intelligence which functions at the lower levels of implementation in a specific department.
-- principle of departmental intelligence capabilities;
-- principle of the coordination of intelligence and liaison with departmental intelligence structures;