The technique also works when the introductory matter is a long dependent clause
. Here's Gordon's example: "When it became apparent that they were just pulling our legs, we started kicking."
The major difference between the complex sentence and the compound sentence is that whereas the compound sentence combines at least two independent clauses, the complex sentence combines one independent clause with at least one dependent clause
. The compound complex sentence, of course, has features of the complex and the compound sentences whose structure has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause
(Quirk et al.
It seems you can't turn on the radio or TV, or peruse the web or print without bumping into this constant dependent clause
. If the allegations are true, we have trouble in Washington.
Instead, it may be a process occurring in stages beginning with the absence of any form of reformulation and progressing to reformulation of a relative clause with another language structure, such as another type of dependent clause
or simply an adjective, and finally reaching the stage of reformulation with a relative clause.
This sentence is half the length (13 words) and, while the longer one was still a "simple" sentence, this one is "complex" because it contains a dependent clause
, that is, a "sentence" that can't stand alone.
Among his topics are the Aktionsart view of Greek prohibitions, the successes of a verbal aspect view, prohibitions using negated dependent clause
constructions, warning and promises as prohibitions, and other negative expressions as prohibitions.
But later, when Matthew copies Mark's account, he adds John's famous disclaimer, "I need to be baptized by you, and yet you are coming to me?" The next evangelist, Luke, only refers to Jesus' baptism in a dependent clause
: "After all the people had been baptized and Jesus also had been baptized and was praying." John, the last Gospel writer, never mentions the event.
Some of the formally dependent clause
types, in particular the Subordinative and the Participial, often appear in separate sentences on their own (Mithun 2008).
Alternatively, maybe the original formulation was closer to: Where a dependent clause
is followed by a coordinator and a clause that could be either dependent or independent, a comma before the coordinator signals that the second clause is independent.
The Evolution of Dependent Clause
Morpho-syntax in Biblical Hebrew.
* Complex sentence: two clauses, one dependent clause
which cannot make sense on its own and one independent clause which can make sense alone.