dermoid cyst


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Noun1.dermoid cyst - a cystic tumor (usually benign) with a wall lined with epithelium and a cavity containing other material
cyst - a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure
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In pediatric patients, teratomas, a form of dermoid cyst, are the most common presacral lesion.
Agarwal et al in 2003 (6) discuss the pattern of such condition and reviewed their clinical course, he reviewed 20 cases of AIHA associated with dermoid cyst, 85% of them respond to cystectomy after failed corticosteroids and one under went cystectomy shortly after diagnosis who showed some response to steroid management.
The man's doctors suspected a dermoid cyst, which can take on a strange appearance and have hair or other bizarre features.
The patient underwent salpingo-oophorectomy due to a prediagnosis of ovarian torsion with a dermoid cyst. Postoperative pathological examination reported oncocytic and tall columnar type papillary thyroid carcinoma arising on a mature cystic teratoma.
A giant plunging sublingual dermoid cyst excised by intraoral approach.
The most common location of a dermoid cyst is the fronto-orbital upper lateral quadrant of the orbit.
optic nerve glioma, orbital meningioma, hemangioma, lymphangioma,5 neurofibroma, sarcoma.6,7 Thyroid dysfunction may cause tumor like condition and lateral protrusion of eye balls (Graves' Disease).8,9 Extraconal lesions are dermoid tumor21 (dermoid cyst) and pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland.10
Other histopathological findings include proliferating trichilemmal cyst, neurofibroma, dermoid cyst, pilomatricoma, cylindroma, apocrine cystadenoma, fibroepithelial polyp, folliculitis, folliculitis decalvans and inflamed fistula tract.
In one of the 20 patients with recorded follow-up's an MRI scan had been arranged 2 months after the initial USS finding of a dermoid cyst.