descriptive linguistics


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descriptive linguistics

n
(Linguistics) (functioning as singular) the study of the description of the internal phonological, grammatical, and semantic structures of languages at given points in time without reference to their histories or to one another. Also called: synchronic linguistics Compare historical linguistics
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descrip′tive linguis′tics


n.
the study of the grammar, classification, and arrangement of the features of a language at a given time, without reference to its history or comparison to other languages.
[1925–30]
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descriptive linguistics

The study of a language at a particular stage in its development without relating it to other stages or other languages.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.descriptive linguistics - a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments
linguistics - the scientific study of language
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
phonemics, phonology - the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
morphophonemics - the study of the phonological realization of the allomorphs of the morphemes of a language
derivation - (descriptive linguistics) the process whereby new words are formed from existing words or bases by affixation; "`singer' from `sing' or `undo' from `do' are examples of derivations"
prescriptive linguistics - an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Deskriptive Linguistik
References in periodicals archive ?
A linguist and scholar known for his insightful knowledge on phonetics and descriptive linguistics, Masood Sahib is credited with proposing the most probable theory on the origin and development of the Urdu language.
He was interested not only in descriptive linguistics and linguistic theory but also in theory-formation in general, scientific argumentation, and other questions of the philosophy of science.
In fact, the complexities of examining colonial sources have for many scholars been an essential part of descriptive linguistics more generally, although this has not previously led to the ossification of Colonial Linguistics as a separate field.
It is divided into two sections: "Corpora and Historical Linguistics" (consisting of one introductory chapter by Alcaraz-Sintes, plus five further chapters) and "Corpora and Descriptive Linguistics" (with an introductory chapter by Valera-Hernandez, plus seven more chapters).
Descriptive linguistics under the structuralist and generative traditions treats distributional generalizations about categories and structures within collected utterances and written sentences.

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