Corrections agencies need to expand the use of medication-assisted treatment, a proven intervention in community-level care, in support of desistence
In most teens, this interaction abates as the adolescent matures, leading to desistence
. Part II describes briefly a category of young offenders less likely than normative adolescents to desist from antisocial activity with maturity because their offending is driven by various dispositional and environmental factors--many of which predated adolescence--and not primarily by the interaction of developmental factors and social context.
Since the vast majority of pre-pubertal children with gender dysphoria (80-95%) will revert back to a gender identity consistent with their sex, forced societal cooperation with transgender identification carries the high risk of interfering with eventual desistence
. With currently available data, it is not possible to accurately predict those individuals who will desist from those who will persist in transgender identity.
to establish) to the deterrence or desistence
(190) Therefore, the legal system should refrain from incarcerating juveniles for long periods of time so as not to disrupt a juvenile's normal aging progression toward desistence
. (191) Furthermore, a significant minority of juvenile offenders commit serious crimes at high rates: "Age-crime curves [provide evidence that] peak years of criminal involvement are in the late teens and early 20s.
Interestingly, Middle Eastern countries like Saudi Arabia and Israel criticized the agreement on the grounds that empowering Iran could jeopardize the region's security although besides being alleged with supporting Lebanon's Hezbollah, Iran has not displayed any aggressive policy of hegemony as evident from its desistence
from employing chemical weapons during the Iraq-Iran war.
The authors discuss the methodologies of life-course and longitudinal research; the major theories in life-course criminology; risk, prediction, onset, desistence
, and persistence of criminal behavior, and other related subjects.
There is a growing research literature which suggests that the progression from persistent offending to desistence
is the outcome of a complex interaction between subjective and social factors (Farmer, McAlinden and Maruna, 2015); that is, structure (informal social controls such as relationships with intimate partners and employment) and agency (the way in which offenders think about themselves and their lives).
from Sex Work: Feminist Cultural Criminology and Intersectionality: The Complexities of Moving in and out of Sex Work." Pp.
LAW INST., supra note 6, at 324-25 (describing the probable desistence
test as "[o]riented largely toward the dangerousness of the actor's conduct").
Kleiman Email, supra note 168 ("coerced desistence