De facto, however, mini-jobs and hourly payment continue to deskill
even those that are recognized as teachers and who are entitled to longstanding fringe benefits allocated by the collective agreement.
Concerns included "It deskills
junior (medical staff) and nurses--the long-term effects will only be apparent in the next 10 to 30 years" (Trainee C) and "Medical staff on general wards deskill
(due to MET) and feel no responsibility for sick patients" (Trainee D).
One size fits all" thinking will constrain and deskill
outstanding, creative teachers.
Its tendency to deskill
the worker and to diminish the mental and intellectual acuity he or she would bring to the job was rationalized by Frederick Taylor and, in reference to the white-collar employee, by William Leffingwell, Taylor's disciple.
I also enjoyed Shalla's article on passenger agents at Air Canada, and how (in this instance) automated technology has been successfully used to deskill
jobs and control workers.
Information technology has clearly been developed and used during these years to deskill
, discipline, and displace human labour in a global speed-up of unprecedented proportion.
The second part of the book covers the onset of the Depression, 1930-35, and shows how a process that had appeared relatively benign and even beneficial to workers amid the prosperity of the late twenties suddenly turned ugly, with employers increasingly resorting to the harsher forms of Taylorist practice - such as the Bedaux pay system - to extract more effort from workers (often for less pay) while they simultaneously worked to eliminate or deskill
jobs through mechanization.
Applying earlier standards of accepting a small number of errors to computers would not only deskill
secretarial staff but would also waste the computer's potential.
The direct managerial capacities individual businesses have over labour to intensify, deskill
and casualise work are not necessarily opposed to the capacities employer associations have to mediate the political interests of employers.
This segregation, combined with the assumption that women employees are women first, and workers second, provides managers with what they perceive as a rational basis for using information technology to deskill
and reduce the influence of clerical workers' jobs.
Changes such as those implicit in Japanese-style "lean production" or the type of organization sometimes referred to as flexible specialization are seen as reversing the traditional tendency to deskill
and disenfranchise the worker within production.