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Krokodil usually refers to homemade desomorphine (an opioid derivative of codeine) and, in 2014, the WEDINOS project received three samples labelled as such.
Desomorphine, better known by its common name "krokodil", is a substance that is paradigmatic of the household synthesis of drugs with dramatic consequences; on the other hand, both AH-7291 and MT-45 duly represent the dynamics of creation of legal substances that are later supervised, after confirming their potential risks.
Desomorphine ([C.sub.17][H.sub.21]N[O.sub.2], dihydrodesoxymorphine) is the case of a reappearance of an older designer drug as an economical substitute for heroin, first observed in the Russian Federation and Ukraine in 2003 [1].
The simplicity of the process of obtaining the substance from desomorphine, together with its high availability and low cost, contribute toward consumers' self-sufficiency.
Formally known as desomorphine, this substance is synthesized from codeine and became popular in Russia after a crackdown on heroin there in 2010, Dr.
desomorphine, is manufactured and marketed to mimic heroin, although its
Domestically-manufactured amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) known as "Jeff and "Vint" and a locally-produced desomorphine opioid known as "krokodil" are gaining in popularity.
"DEA is aware of and tracking the nation-wide reports of alleged abuse of the controlled substance desomorphine that is found in the drug krokodil, a homemade substitute for heroin invented and used in rural Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.
Authorities are concerned that the opioid desomorphine, which is popular in Russia and made from easily accessible medicines that contain codeine, has begun appearing in northern Kazakhstan.
Explaining its origin, the authors said that the base drug is desomorphine, which is an opioid analogon first synthesised and patented in 1932 in the US.
For those unfamiliar with krokodil, it is essentially the street name for desomorphine, a homemade opioid similar to heroin, and is capable of rotting human fresh - the name 'krokodil', Russian for crocodile, was coined in reference to the drug's corrosive properties, which leave users with scaly, leathery flesh at the site of injection.