In this case, we can assume that in equilibrium no L-type chooses a contract offer of the deviator
, as in this case it is more attractive to remain with the nondeviating insurers.
Other imported beers from Cameron's include Early Bird Barley Wine, aged in Buffalo Trace barrels with maple syrup and cold-steeped coffee, and the bourbon barrel-aged Deviator
According to the evaluation of the changes in the mean effective stress (p') and the deviator
stress (q), both p' and q increase during the process of shield launching
Suppose other players will choose their trigger strategies from the next stage until the end and the deviator
's future payoff will be [mathematical expression not reproducible], player i will never deviate from her cooperative strategy.
From Equations (5) and (6), [DELTA][sigma] and [DELTA][[sigma].sub.d] are found to be proportional to [[sigma].sub.1f] (deviator
stress) and [[sigma].sub.1d] (deviator
From the NCHRP 9-30A, the stress states of 483 MPa for deviator
stress of confining pressure and the temperatures of 40[degrees]C and 54[degrees]C were recommended.
If one of the premium teams would consider leaving the cartel, rule-changes hurting its competitive position may be enacted by the cartel insiders through the Steering Group (where cartel outsiders and one deviator
cannot have a majority of votes).
When tariffs and externality taxes are strategic complements, a simultaneous deviation in both policies grants the deviator
less benefit than the sum of the gains in each policy independently.
where C and C are fourth-order tensors operating on the stress deviator
, represented as
Li et al  improve predicted method considers multilevel of deviator
stresses and multisoil physical states that result from load-level variations, as well as seasonal and weather changes.
[m.sub.ij] is deviator
part of couple stress tensor and [[chi].sub.ij] is the symmetric part of curvature tensor, which, using the modified couple stress theory [20, 22], are defined as