diabetes


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Related to diabetes: prediabetes, type 2 diabetes

di·a·be·tes

 (dī′ə-bē′tĭs, -tēz)
n.
1. Any of a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by insufficient production of insulin, impaired response to insulin, or both, especially:
a. Type 1 diabetes.
b. Type 2 diabetes.
c. Gestational diabetes. In all subsenses also called diabetes mellitus.

[Middle English diabete, from Medieval Latin diabētēs, from Greek, compass, siphon, diabetes, from diabainein, diabē-, to stride or stand with legs apart, cross over, straddle : dia-, dia- + bainein, to go; see gwā- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: Ancient Greek physicians gave the name diabētēs to a chronic disease characterized by excessive urination—probably what we now know as diabetes insipidus. (Later, the name was also used for a different disease, diabetes mellitus, in which increased urination is a common symptom.) The term is ultimately derived from the verb diabainein, "to stride or stand with the legs apart, step across, pass over," but it is not certain how diabētēs came to describe the disease. Diabētēs has a variety of other meanings in Greek, including "compass" (since a compass can be likened to a person striding with the legs spread wide) and "siphon" (perhaps because a siphon straddles—so to speak—two containers and permits the passage of liquid from one to the other). The first known use of diabētēs as a designation for a disease is found in the works of Aretaeus of Cappadocia, who probably lived in the first century ad. Aretaeus's works became standard medical texts of the ancient and medieval world. One chapter of his work On the Causes and Signs of Chronic Diseases is devoted to a condition he calls diabētēs. Aretaeus, however, was not the first physician to give the condition this name, for he offers his own thoughts on the etymology of the term: "The disease seems to me to have acquired the name diabētēs, as if from the Greek word for siphon (diabētēs), because the fluid does not remain in the body." Some modern scholars, on the other hand, have suggested that as a medical term, diabētēs originally made reference to the straddling stance taken during urination by those with the disease—the intended meaning may have been "one standing with the legs planted firmly apart." Whatever its origin, diabētēs became the standard name for the disease in Greek and medieval medical Latin. Diabetes is first attested in English around 1425 in the spelling diabete, found in a Middle English translation of a Latin medical text by the French physician Guy de Chauliac (ca. 1300-1368): Auicen forsoþ in diabete graunteþ water of whey of shepis mylke. "In the case of diabetes, Avicenna forsooth gives water of the whey of sheep's milk."

diabetes

(ˌdaɪəˈbiːtɪs; -tiːz)
n
(Pathology) any of various disorders, esp diabetes mellitus, characterized by excretion of an abnormally large amount of urine
[C16: from Latin: siphon, from Greek, literally: a passing through (referring to the excessive urination), from diabainein to pass through, cross over; see diabase]

di•a•be•tes

(ˌdaɪ əˈbi tɪs, -tiz)

n.
any of several disorders characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood and increased urine production, esp. diabetes mellitus.
[1555–65; < New Latin, Latin diabētēs < Greek diabḗtēs compass, diabetes insipidus, derivative of diabē-, variant s. of diabaínein pass through]

di·a·be·tes

(dī′ə-bē′tĭs, dī′ə-bē′tēz)
A disease marked by abnormal levels of sugar in the blood, caused by the body's inability to produce or use insulin properly. If untreated, it can cause circulatory problems and nerve damage. Diabetes may be treated with medication, insulin injections, and dietary restrictions.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diabetes - a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
polydipsia - excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
polygenic disease, polygenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
polyuria - renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
diabetes mellitus, DM - diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria; "when doctors say `diabetes' they usually mean `diabetes mellitus'"
diabetes insipidus - a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
Translations
مَرَضُ السُّكَّرمَرَض السُّكَّري
cukrovka
sukkersyge
diabetessokeritauti
סכרת
dijabetes
cukorbaj
sykursÿki
糖尿病
당뇨병
cukraligėdiabetasdiabetikasdiabetinis
diabēts, cukurslimība
cukrovka
sladkorna bolezen
diabetes
โรคเบาหวาน
bệnh tiểu đường

diabetes

[ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz] NSINGdiabetes f inv

diabetes

[ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz ˌdaɪəˈbiːtɪs] ndiabète m

diabetes

nZuckerkrankheit f, → Diabetes m, → Zucker no art (inf)

diabetes

[ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz] ndiabete m

diabetes

(daiəˈbiːtiːz) noun
a disease in which there is usually too much sugar in the blood.
ˌdiaˈbetic (-ˈbe-) noun
a person who suffers from diabetes. He is a diabetic.
adjective
relating to or suffering from diabetes. a diabetic patient.

diabetes

مَرَضُ السُّكَّر cukrovka sukkersyge Diabetes διαβήτης diabetes diabetes diabète dijabetes diabete 糖尿病 당뇨병 diabetes diabetes cukrzyca diabete, diabetes диабет diabetes โรคเบาหวาน şeker hastalığı bệnh tiểu đường 糖尿病

di·a·be·tes

a. diabetes, enfermedad que se manifiesta por excesiva emisión de orina;
brittle ______ inestable;
gestational ______ gestacional;
___insipidus___ insípeda nefrógena;
___ mellitus___ sacarina (mellitus;
non insulin dependent ______ sin dependencia de insulina.

diabetes

n diabetes finsipidus diabetes insípida; (type 1, type 2) — mellitus diabetes mellitus (tipo 1, tipo 2); gestational — diabetes gestacional
References in periodicals archive ?
The American Diabetes Association has just released a study showing definitively that the best strategy for preventing type 2 diabetes is weight reduction.
New York City is suffering the advance wave of a national diabetes epidemic, according to a chilling series in The New York Times earlier this year.
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With more than 65 percent of Americans overweight or obese and rates of Type 2 diabetes skyrocketing, it should come as no surprise that the incidence of gestational diabetes--a form of diabetes that occurs only in pregnancy--is also on the rise.
Transplant surgeon Takashi Maki once put people with diabetes under the knife.
Discovered by (OSI) Prosidion, OSI's diabetes and obesity team, PSN357 is a glycogen inhibitor (GPI), which is designed to rapidly lower blood glucose levels by preventing glycogen breakdown to glucose in the liver.
The reservation today has the highest rates of diabetes in the world, and in home economics classes, along with other American Indians, Johnson received lectures and brochures on the benefits of eating healthy.
He had high blood pressure, and his doctor diagnosed him with borderline type 2 diabetes.
More than 5 million adults in the United States have undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus, and another 38 million with pre-diabetes are at increased risk for developing diabetes.
In this study we explored whether there are gender differences in perceptions of child self-reliance for diabetes tasks in 104 families of youth aged eight to 16 with Type 1 diabetes.
But when a doctor's visit a year ago revealed that he had Type II diabetes, it completely reshaped his understanding of the disease and who gets it.

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