diabetes insipidus

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Related to diabetes insipidus: nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, SIADH

diabetes in·sip·i·dus

A chronic disorder marked by excessive urination and usually intense thirst and dehydration, caused either by insufficient production or release of the pituitary hormone vasopressin or by inability of the kidneys to respond effectively to vasopressin.

[New Latin diabētēs īnsipidus, literally, insipid diabetes (so called because the urine of those suffering from the disease lacks the sweet taste characteristic of diabetes mellitus) : Medieval Latin diabētēs, diabetes; see diabetes + Latin īnsipidus, insipid; see insipid.]

diabetes insipidus

(Pathology) a disorder of the pituitary gland causing excessive thirst and excretion of large quantities of dilute urine
[C18: New Latin, literally: insipid diabetes]

diabe′tes in•sip′i•dus

(ɪnˈsɪp ɪ dəs)
a disorder characterized by increased urine production caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin by the pituitary gland.
[< New Latin: literally, bland diabetes]

diabetes insipidus

A condition in which, usually, the pituitary in the brain is faulty and the kidneys do not absorb enough water, resulting in a high urine output and intense thirst.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diabetes insipidus - a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
diabetes - a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus - diabetes insipidus caused by a failure of the kidney to respond to normal levels of vasopressin

di·a·be·tes in·sip·i·dus

n. diabetes insípida nefrógena, causada por una deficiencia en el gasto de hormona antidiurética.
References in periodicals archive ?
If you would like more information on diabetes insipidus, you can call the Pituitary Foundation on 01454 201612.
Diabetes insipidus is associated with colorless urine, the ingestion of ethyl alcohol, and hypercalcemia, a condition caused by too much calcium in the system because of faulty metabolization.
in 2004 in a retrospective case-control study reviewed fifty cases each of endoscopic and sub-labial trans-septal pituitary tumour resection and also reported no significant difference in the rates of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis, loss of visual acuity, ophthalmoplegia, intracranial haemorrhage, diabetes insipidus, or death between the two groups.
The term mellitus distinguishing it from diabetes insipidus was attributed to Rollo.
In January 2012, the patient presented with polyuria and polydipsia suggestive of central diabetes insipidus.
Professor Raja Gangopadhyay, consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist at West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust, says: "The condition Natalie had after having her baby, diabetes insipidus, is rare and found in only one in 15,000 people.
Rare clinical presentations include acute circulatory collapse, congestive cardiac failure, hypoglycemia, diabetes insipidus, or psychosis.
Table 2 Side effects of lithium Short term (days or weeks) Diarrhea, abdominal discomfort Dysgeusia, nausea Tremor, ataxia Polydipsia, polyuria Dry mouth, dysarthria Drowsiness, slowed mentality Intermediate to long term Nausea, diarrhea (weeks or months) Tremor, ataxia Polydipsia,polyuria Diabetes insipidus Myeloproliferation Long term (months or years) Decreased renal function Hypothyroidism Tremor, ataxia Acne, alopecia
Our patient was referred to the pediatric and endocrinology services, where he was diagnosed with panhypopituitarism and central diabetes insipidus and is currently in treatment with hydrocortisone and desmopressin (DDAVP).
Some of the common conditions that lead to excessive urination are cystitis (urinary tract and bladder infection), bladder stones, diabetes milletus, diabetes insipidus, cushing's disease, side-effects from steroids, leptospirosis, kidney infection (pyelonephritis) and tumours, etc.

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