dialysis


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di·al·y·sis

 (dī-ăl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. di·al·y·ses (-sēz′)
1. The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
2. Medicine Any of several techniques, especially hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, in which filtration through a semipermeable membrane is used to remove metabolic wastes and excess fluid from the blood of people with kidney failure.

[Greek dialusis, separating, dissolution, from dialūein, to break up, dissolve : dia-, apart; see dia- + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

di′a·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
di′a·lyt′i·cal·ly adv.

dialysis

(daɪˈælɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1. (Chemistry) the separation of small molecules from large molecules and colloids in a solution by the selective diffusion of the small molecules through a semipermeable membrane
2. (Medicine) med See haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis
[C16: from Late Latin: a separation, from Greek dialusis a dissolution, from dialuein to tear apart, dissolve, from luein to loosen]
dialytic adj
ˌdiaˈlytically adv

di•al•y•sis

(daɪˈæl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
1. the separation of crystalloids from colloids in a solution by diffusion through a membrane.
2. the process, used in treating kidney disease, by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
[1580–90; < Late Latin < Greek diálysis a separation, derivative of dialý(ein) to part, separate (dia- dia- + lyein to loosen)]
di`a•lyt′ic (-əˈlɪt ɪk) adj.

di·al·y·sis

(dī-ăl′ĭ-sĭs)
1. The separation of the smaller molecules in a solution from the larger molecules by passing the solution through a membrane that does not allow the large molecules through.
2. The removal of wastes from the bloodstream by a machine that performs dialysis when the kidneys do not function properly.

dialysis

the process whereby colloids and crystalloids separate in solution by diffusion through a membrane. — dialytic, adj.
See also: Biology

dialysis

A method of compensating for poorly functioning kidneys by using a machine to artificially remove waste products from the blood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dialysis - separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
chemical analysis, qualitative analysis - the act of decomposing a substance into its constituent elements
pheresis, apheresis - a procedure in which blood is drawn and separated into its components by dialysis; some are retained and the rest are returned to the donor by transfusion
haemodialysis, hemodialysis - dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
osmosis - (biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
Translations

dialysis

[daɪˈælɪsɪs] N (dialyses (pl)) [daɪˈælɪˌsiːz] (Med) → diálisis f inv

dialysis

[daɪˈælɪsɪs] ndialyse fdialysis machine nrein m artificiel

dialysis

nDialyse f

dialysis

[daɪˈæləsɪs] n (Med) → dialisi f

di·al·y·sis

n. diálisis, procedimiento para filtrar y eliminar toxinas presentes en la sangre de pacientes con insuficiencia renal;
___ acidosisacidosis metabólica;
___ machineaparato de ___ (riñón artificial);
peritoneal ______ peritoneal;
renal ______ renal.

dialysis

n diálisis f; continuous ambulatory peritoneal — (CAPD) diálisis peritoneal ambulatoria continua (DPAC)
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-September 5, 2019-: Global Dialysis Market by Type (Hemodialysis, Peritoneal Dialysis), End-Use, Product & Service, Regions (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Rest of the World), Company
ISLAMABAD -- A large number of renal failure patients on Sunday complained of experiencing routine delays in getting access to hemodialysis at the dialysis center of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) due to limited beds and shortage of staff.
Private insurers covering people receiving dialysis treatment paid four times more than government insurance programs for the same service, according to a recent UCLA study published in the May 2019 issue JAMA Internal Medicine.
The 20-bed capacity dialysis center beside Antique's provincial hospital will soon be fully operational following its inauguration last August 13, Governor Rhodora Cadiao said on Tuesday.
Fact.MR has announced the addition of the "Automated Dialysis Concentrated Production Systems Market Forecast, Trend Analysis & Competition Tracking - Global Market Insights 2018 to 2028"report to their offering.
Garden City, MI, August 04, 2019 --(PR.com)-- Professor Kimmel, the Director of Phlebotomy Career Training, has created the course curriculum for a nursing-based dialysis course.
FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), a higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at dialysis initiation is associated with lower survival, particularly among children whose initial treatment method is hemodialysis, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Because of the huge influx of dialysis patients asking for help, a board member of the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office(PCSO) is now pushing for a higher budget for the dialysis program of the agency.
SIALKOT -- All the six dialysis machines became functional after a long time at Daska THQ Civil Hospital here on Monday.
Keywords: Compliance, Complications, Dialysis, Dialysis adequacy, Hemodynamic instability.