Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


n. pl. di·al·y·ses (-sēz′)
1. The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
2. Medicine Any of several techniques, especially hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, in which filtration through a semipermeable membrane is used to remove metabolic wastes and excess fluid from the blood of people with kidney failure.

[Greek dialusis, separating, dissolution, from dialūein, to break up, dissolve : dia-, apart; see dia- + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

di′a·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
di′a·lyt′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intra dialytic hypertension was defined as Systolic Blood pressure rise in BP of more than 30mmHg from base line, intra dialytic hypotension was defined as systolic Blood Pressure less than 90 mmHg at anytime during dialysis or fall in Systolic BP of more the 30mmHg.
Cancer incidence in 854 kidney transplant recipients from a single institution: comparison with normal population and with patients under dialytic treatment.
Of interest, serum bicarbonate was measured during a mid-week dialytic interval in nine patients dialyzed for 4 h using a dialysate bicarbonate concentration of 35 mEq/L (30).
IL-1b, TNF-a and IL-6 release from monocytes in haemodialysis patients in relation to dialytic age.
Patients with history of head trauma, stroke, severe psychiatric disturbances (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression), chronic ear diseases (otosclerosis, Meniere disease, endolymphatic hydrops, and hearing neuropathy), or diagnosis of vestibular schwannoma, dialytic chronic renal disease, and other neurodegenerative diseases were excluded.
The dialytic modality does not seem to interfere in the pathophysiology and incidence of the syndrome [16]; however, recent studies report contrasting results [15, 17].
Table 2: Correlations of sRAGE with baseline characteristics of patients included in the study analyzed as a whole group and after classification according to the dialytic treatment.
This method of assessment has been recommended for patients on HD because HD fatigue varies over time during dialytic and interdialytic periods (Abdel-Kader et al., 2014; Artom et al., 2014).
These advancements have led to the introduction of daily dialysis that has some advantages over conventional dialytic therapy, including shorter daily treatment times.
With more effective newer antibiotics and better intensive care including dialytic support services, the outcome in these patients has improved remarkably.