Despite the limited numbers and variable ages, the ratio of joint line and PCO relative to the width of the femoral diaphysis
remained consistent, with good intra- and interobserver variability.
and tibia-fibular separation point (TFSP) represent cortical bones.
Radiological examination of the extremities de- monstrated osteolytic lesions with bone destruction involving the meta diaphysis
of tubular bones and underlying pathological fractures.
They focus on radiologic aspects of emergency medical care that are pitfalls in the examination, diagnosis, and understanding of emergency medical problems, such as skull and brain trauma, cervical spine injuries, the pediatric cervical spine, abdominal emergencies, the pelvis, diaphysis
, and other areas.
The distal metaphysis and diaphysis
of the femur were scanned using pQCT (XCT-Research SA+; Stratec Medizintechnik GmbH, Pforzheim, Germany) in 70% ethanol/saline.
In 23 patients the reconstruction consisted in prosthesis cementation in the allograft and implanted without cement in the residual tibial or femoral diaphysis
without an osteosynthesis plate.
It can also be specific to its longitudinal location: epiphysis, metaphysic, or diaphysis
. Epiphyseal equivalents include apophysis, patella, small bones of the wrist, and hindfoot and midfoot.
The femur (hip axis and diaphysis
) was scanned for bone area (BA), bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD) ex vivo in a 2 cm deep water bath using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, 4500A; Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA, USA; small animal software high resolution option).
To analyze the "cortical" site (tibia diaphysis
), an investigator defined a region of interest that incorporated a small amount of soft tissue outside of the periosteal margin.
* Interstitial growth at a specialised area of long bone near the epiphysis known as the epiphyseal (growth) plate, where cartilage cells (chondrocytes) eventually enlarge and degenerate, and are replaced by osteoblasts and osteocytes invading from the diaphysis
towards the space created at the plate by the degenerating chondrocytes.
In the literature, subtrochanteric diaphysis
stress and failure fractures have been defined associated with long term bisphosphonate use.
The patient also had shoulder involvement and a huge (9 x 2 cm) tumor with erosion of the head, neck, and diaphysis
of the left humerus seen on x-rays.