Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dibucaine - a local anesthetic that is administered by injection
intravenous anesthetic - an anesthetic that produces anesthesia when injected into the circulatory system
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Procaine, mepivacaine, lidocaine, ropivacaine, oxybuprocaine, tetracaine, bupivacaine, T-caine and dibucaine are local anesthetics that were reported [16] to be simultaneously detected by a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method.
BuChE activity and phenotypes were determined using benzoylcholine chloride (50 [micro]mol/l) as substrate in the presence or absence of dibucaine hydrochloride (10 [micro]mol/l) and sodium fluoride (50 [micro]mol/l) as inhibitor of enzyme described previously (25).
In order to assess the patient's pseudocholinesterase enzyme quantity and function, blood was sent for laboratory analysis of enzyme level and dibucaine number.
Nupercainal is a rectal anesthetic that utilizes 1% dibucaine to temporarily relieve the pain and itching of hemorrhoids and other problems in the rectal area.
Organic ammonium salts with local anaesthetic activity (e.g., dibucaine and tetracaine, which exhibit properties of protonophores) lower the proton gradient between the inside and the outside of the thylakoid membrane, causing loss of ability to form ATP [25].
The amide group of local anaesthetic agents include: bupivacaine, L-bupivacaine, lidocaine, ropivacaine, prilocaine, dibucaine, etidocaine and mepivacaine.
The test quantifies BChE enzyme activity in the serum in the presence and absence of the competitive inhibitor dibucaine, allowing the calculation of a "dibucaine number" (DN) that corresponds to the percentage of enzymatic inhibition: DN = [1--(Inhibited BChE activity)/(Total BChE activity)] X 100, where BChE activity is in units per liter.
Local anesthetics are given by injection or topically, and include benzocaine, bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine), chloroprocaine (Nesacaine), camphor, dibucaine (Nuper-cainal), levobupivacaine (Chirocaine), lidocaine (Xylocaine, Octocaine), mepivacaine (Carbocaine, Polocaine), pramoxine, prilocaine (Citanest), procaine (Novocaine), ropivacaine (Naropin), and tetracaine (Pontocaine).