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 (dī′kăst′, dĭk′ăst′)
One of the 6,000 citizens chosen each year in ancient Athens to sit in the law courts, with functions resembling those of a judge and juror.

[Greek dikastēs, judge, from dikazein, to judge, from dikē, right, custom; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]

di·cas′tic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Athens) a juror in the popular courts chosen by lot from a list of citizens
2. (Law) (in ancient Athens) a juror in the popular courts chosen by lot from a list of citizens
[C19: from Greek dikastēs, from dikazein to judge, from dikē right, judgment, order]
diˈcastic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdaɪ kæst, ˈdɪk æst)

(in ancient Athens) one of 6000 citizens chosen by lot each year to sit as a judge.
[1700–10; < Greek dikastḗs]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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And this is the reason why in our State, and in our State only, we shall find a shoemaker to be a shoemaker and not a pilot also, and a husbandman to be a husbandman and not a dicast also, and a soldier a soldier and not a trader also, and the same throughout?
It certainly agrees in tone and character with the description of Xenophon, who says in the Memorabilia that Socrates might have been acquitted 'if in any moderate degree he would have conciliated the favour of the dicasts;' and who informs us in another passage, on the testimony of Hermogenes, the friend of Socrates, that he had no wish to live; and that the divine sign refused to allow him to prepare a defence, and also that Socrates himself declared this to be unnecessary, on the ground that all his life long he had been preparing against that hour.
2) has two main forecast tracks: a nowcast track that forecasts at high temporal resolution extending to 6 h, the results of which are blended via the Nowcasting Expert System Integrator (NESI), and the Dynamic Integrated Forecast (DICast; Mahoney et al.
In fact, it is apparent he did not even choose all the dictionary pages by the dice: the "Preface" clearly uses the first page of the dictionary starting with "A," and the passage quoted above obviously works off the page that contains "dictionary," which also happens to include "dice" and "dictator," as well as "diastole" ("single pulse-beats to each systole of the heart"), "diazins," "dibbles," "dibs," "dicast," and "dicentra." A "dicast" was a citizen who functioned as both judge and juror in the courts of ancient Athens, but also puns on "die cast." The disorientation created by the mixing of registers, such as the intrusion of scientific or technical discourses, foregrounds these very registers and the hierarchical sorting that conventionally takes place.
The model predicts the shortwave direct, diffuse, and global irradiances; local point forecasts are fed into a statistical postprocessing system called DICast (Mahoney et al.