cation

(redirected from dietary cation-anion difference)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

cat·i·on

 (kăt′ī′ən)
n.
An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.

[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

cat′i·on′ic (kăt′ī-ŏn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cation

(ˈkætaɪən)
n
(General Physics) a positively charged ion; an ion that is attracted to the cathode during electrolysis. Compare anion
[C19: from cata- + ion]
cationic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cat•i•on

(ˈkætˌaɪ ən, -ɒn)

n.
1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.
2. any positively charged ion (opposed to anion).
[1825–35; < Greek katión, neuter of katiṓn, present participle of kateînai to go down =kat- cat- + eînai to go]
cat`i•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cat·i·on

(kăt′ī′ən)
An ion that has a positive charge. Hydrogen and ammonium ions are cations. Compare anion.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cation

An ion that carries a positive charge, which is attracted by the negatively charged electrode, the cathode, during electrolysis.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cation - a positively charged ion
hydrogen ion - a positively charged atom of hydrogen; that is to say, a normal hydrogen atomic nucleus
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
diazonium - the univalent cation R-N:N- (where R is an aromatic hydrocarbon); found in salts that are used in manufacturing azo dyes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kation

cation

[ˈkætaɪən] n (Chem) → catione m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Dietary cation-anion difference, acid-base status, mineral metabolism, renal function, and milk production oflactating cows.
Periparturient effects of feeding a low dietary cation-anion difference diet on acid-base, calcium, and phosphorus homeostasis and on intravenous glucose tolerance test in high-producing dairy cows.
DCAD (dietary cation-anion difference) diets are the new method of prevention.
Tel: (216) 23 386 314; E-mail: abdouli@topnet.tn Table 1: Dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) computation and prediction equations N[degrees] Abbreviations Equations 1 DCAD (Na/0,023 + K/0,039)- (Cl/0,035 + S/0,016) * 2 EB (Na /0,023 + K /0,039)- (Cl /0,035 ) * 3 [DCAD.sub.CP] 1.76 CP+43 ** 4 [DCAD.sub.K] 15.9 K-36 ** 5 [DCAD.sub.K-Cl] 22.8K-26.5Cl-13 ** 6 [DCAD.sub.P-CP-Ash] 56.68P + 2.03 Ash + 0.27 CP-33 ** * DCAD and BE in meq/kg DM; ** Prediction equations from Meschy and Peyraud, (2004); All variables are in g/kg DM Table 2: Crude proteins (CP) and mineral concentrations (%DM), and DCAD and EB (meq/kg DM) in the forage set.
As is the case with buffers, the dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) and electrolyte balance (EB) address the acid-base status of the animal.