differential


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differential

pertaining to diversity; distinctive: a differential feature; a gear in a vehicle
Not to be confused with:
deferential – courteous, dutiful, respectful: She assumed a deferential attitude toward her teacher.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

dif·fer·en·tial

 (dĭf′ə-rĕn′shəl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or showing a difference.
2. Constituting or making a difference; distinctive.
3. Dependent on or making use of a specific difference or distinction.
4. Mathematics Of or relating to differentiation.
5. Involving differences in speed or direction of motion.
n.
1. Mathematics
a. An infinitesimal increment in a variable.
b. The product of the derivative of a function of one variable and the increment of the independent variable.
2. A differential gear.
3. A difference between comparable things, as in wage rate or in price.

dif′fer·en′tial·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

differential

(ˌdɪfəˈrɛnʃəl)
adj
1. of, relating to, or using a difference
2. constituting a difference; distinguishing
3. (Mathematics) maths of, containing, or involving one or more derivatives or differentials
4. (General Physics) physics engineering relating to, operating on, or based on the difference between two effects, motions, forces, etc: differential amplifier.
n
5. a factor that differentiates between two comparable things
6. (Mathematics) maths
a. an increment in a given function, expressed as the product of the derivative of that function and the corresponding increment in the independent variable
b. an increment in a given function of two or more variables, f(x1, x2, …xn), expressed as the sum of the products of each partial derivative and the increment in the corresponding variable
7. (Mechanical Engineering) an epicyclic gear train that permits two shafts to rotate at different speeds while being driven by a third shaft. See also differential gear
8. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) chiefly Brit the difference between rates of pay for different types of labour, esp when forming a pay structure within an industry
9. (Commerce) (in commerce) a difference in rates, esp between comparable labour services or transportation routes
ˌdifferˈentially adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

dif•fer•en•tial

(ˌdɪf əˈrɛn ʃəl)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to difference or diversity.
2. constituting a difference; distinguishing; distinctive.
3. exhibiting or depending upon a difference or distinction.
4. pertaining to or involving the difference of two or more motions, forces, etc.
5. pertaining to or involving a mathematical derivative or derivatives.
n.
6. a difference or the amount of difference, as in rate, cost, degree, or quality, between things that are comparable.
8. Math.
a. a function of two variables that is obtained from a given function, y = f(x), and that expresses the approximate increment in the given function as the derivative of the function times the increment in the independent variable, written as dy = f~(x) dx.
b. any generalization of this function to higher dimensions.
9. Physics. the quantitative difference between two or more forces, motions, etc.: a pressure differential.
[1640–50; < Medieval Latin]
dif`fer•en′tial•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.differential - the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx
curvature - the rate of change (at a point) of the angle between a curve and a tangent to the curve
figuring, reckoning, calculation, computation - problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
partial, partial derivative - the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
2.differential - a quality that differentiates between similar things
difference - the quality of being unlike or dissimilar; "there are many differences between jazz and rock"
3.differential - a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speedsdifferential - a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speeds; used on the rear axle of automobiles to allow wheels to rotate at different speeds on curves
Adj.1.differential - relating to or showing a difference; "differential treatment"
2.differential - involving or containing one or more derivatives; "differential equation"
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

differential

noun
1. difference, gulf, gap, distinction, discrepancy, disparity, divergence, amount of difference Industrial wage differentials widened.
adjective
1. distinctive, different, contrasting, distinguishing, discriminatory, dissimilar, divergent, discriminative, diacritical They may be forced to eliminate differential voting rights.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
differentiaali

differential

[ˌdɪfəˈrenʃəl]
A. ADJ [rate] → diferencial
B. N
1. (esp Brit) (Econ) → diferencial m
see also wage
2. (Math) → diferencial f
C. CPD differential calculus Ncálculo m diferencial
differential equation Necuación f diferencial
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

differential

[ˌdɪfəˈrɛnʃəl] n
(= difference) → différentiel m
(AUTOMOBILES) [car] → différentiel mdifferential calculus ncalcul m différentiel
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

differential

adj (= different) rates of pay, treatment, diagnosis, effectsunterschiedlich; (= distinguishing) featureunterscheidend; differential pricing (Comm) → Preisdiskriminierung f
n
(= difference)Unterschied m(between zwischen); (Math) → Differenzial nt, → Differential nt; wage/salary differentialLohn-/Gehaltsunterschiede or -differenzen pl
(Aut) → Differenzial(getriebe) nt, → Differential(getriebe) nt

differential

:
differential calculus
differential coefficient
n (Math) → Ableitung f
differential equations
differential gear
n (Aut) → Differenzial(getriebe) nt, → Differential(getriebe) nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

differential

[ˌdɪfəˈrɛnʃl]
1. n (Econ) → scarto salariale (Math, Aut) → differenziale m
2. adjdifferenziale
differential calculus (Math) → calcolo differenziale
differential erosion → erosione f selettiva
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

dif·fer·en·tial

a. diferencial, rel. a la diferenciación;
___ diagnosisdiagnóstico ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
Only by taking infinitesimally small units for observation (the differential of history, that is, the individual tendencies of men) and attaining to the art of integrating them (that is, finding the sum of these infinitesimals) can we hope to arrive at the laws of history.
"It is a calculation the converse of the differential," replied Barbicane seriously.
A man doesn't want to talk politics to his wife, and what do you think I care for Betty's views upon the Differential Calculus?
In order to obtain invariable physical laws, we have to proceed to differential equations, showing the direction of change at each moment, not the integral change after a finite interval, however short.
Man is fallen; nature is erect, and serves as a differential thermometer, detecting the presence or absence of the divine sentiment in man.
Socialism has no more to do with the state of nature than has differential calculus with a Bible class.
* The need for near-complete symmetry between two halves of a differential pair.
[USPRwire, Fri Jun 21 2019] This report analyzes and forecasts the market for automotive differential at the global and regional level.
[ClickPress, Fri Jun 21 2019] This report analyzes and forecasts the market for automotive differential at the global and regional level.
Impossible differential cryptanalysis (IDC) was first proposed by Biham et al.
Abbas and colleagues present detailed results about the existence and stability of various classes of fractional differential and integral equations and inclusions involving the Caputo fractional derivative and the Hadamard fractional integral.

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