The cow's hind feet had turned backward and the animal had not stood after a difficult calving
Dystocia (difficult calving
) in dairy cattle, which is caused by a great number of direct and indirect factors, results in many adverse consequences [1,2].
There were more demands for hot water when we had to call out our vet for a difficult calving
. The cow was a well made one and had calved a big calf before.
Other traits influencing longevity of cows include calf mortality (average 8% and neonatal mortality of female calves of 3.4%), difficult calving
, as well as male or twin births, high and low milk urea nitrogen concentration and lactose percentages, as well as inbreeding, which has a significant effect on reducing longevity of cows.
Arwyn Williams turned to science after a difficult calving
season in 2012 at Hendre Nantcyll, Pant Glas, Garndolbenmaen.
If I have a difficult calving
, I only have to pick up the phone and one of my neighbours will be round straightaway.
Farming does have its compensations, of course, but it can lose its appeal when you have been up half the night with a difficult calving
and are told that somebody has arrived unannounced on the yard demanding to see you and requiring you to produce full sets of all your records on everything.
In fact, in 10 years, we have had only one case of dystocia (difficult calving
These allocated CE scores ranged from 1 through 5, representing an easy calving (non-assisted), slight assistance calving (1 person), moderate assistance calving (2 to 3 persons), a difficult calving
(4 or more persons), and an extreme difficulty calving (surgical assistance), respectively.
Potential factors that can predispose to uterine prolapse include a difficult calving
(dystocia) that causes injury or irritation of external birth canal, severe straining during labor or excessive pressure applied when pulling a calf, fetal oversize, retained fetal membranes, chronic disease and paresis (Noakes et al., 2001).