(DG) + R'OH [??] Monoglyceride (MG) + [R'COOR.sub.2] (2)
In the last step the rearrangement of the tetrahedral intermediate gives rise to an ester and a diglyceride
Firstly, triglyceride molecule reacts with methanol to produce methyl ester and intermediate molecule of diglyceride
. Then, diglyceride
reacts again with methanol and produces intermediate molecule of monoglyceride and methyl ester.
Lipex[TM] 203 E-70 Ethoxylated mono, diglyceride
from mango kernel oil.
Pure and various concentrations of rapeseed oil (RO) and mono- and diglyceride
(MDG) mixtures were tribologically tested.
Enova is made from soy and canola oils, and has been processed so that 80% of the oil is present in diglyceride
form as opposed to triglyceride form.
Researchers at the Wisconsin Center for Dairy Research (1605 Linden Dr., Babcock Hall, Madison, WI 53706) are in the early stages of a three-year project to make reduced-fat (60%) table spread products using mono- and diglyceride
emulsifiers from butteroil.
Another fat system that can be optimized to reduce fat content is through the addition of mono- or diglyceride
emulsifiers to cake shortenings.
Adipocyte RNA was analyzed for relative expression of DIO2, a gene associated with endocrine function (LEPTIN, ADIPOQ), mitochondrial function (cell death activator (CIDEA), ATP synthase (ATP5A), and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B (CPT1B)), fatty acid [beta]-oxidation (acetyl CoA dehydrogenase (ACADM)), fatty acid synthesis (acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC2), fatty acid synthase (FASN), and diglyceride
acyltransferase (DGAT)), adipocyte function (PPARgamma (PPAR[gamma])), innate immunity (NLRP3), and select proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory cytokines or chemoattractants (tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF[alpha]), interleukin-1[beta] (IL-1[beta]), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)).
In this case, the alpha toxin splits lecithin to phosphocholine and diglyceride
, causing impairment of the functional integrity of the red blood cell membrane [5, 6].
Chimeric protein 2 (CHN2) regulating Rac GTPase activity is the receptor for diglyceride
and phorbol ester.