marginal utility

(redirected from Diminishing marginal utility)
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Noun1.marginal utility - (economics) the amount that utility increases with an increase of one unit of an economic good or servicemarginal utility - (economics) the amount that utility increases with an increase of one unit of an economic good or service
economic science, economics, political economy - the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
utility - (economics) a measure that is to be maximized in any situation involving choice
References in periodicals archive ?
As noted above, Mises considered the "fundamental theorem of modern economics" diminishing marginal utility, which can be deduced from a person economizing with homogeneous units of a good Although diminishing marginal utility is accepted by all modern economists, Mises was the first to perceive the implication of its reasoning for making economizing decisions about the use of resources in society and its application to this problem in socialism Concerning the proposal of mathematical economists to solve the problem of economizing in socialism, Mises (1978, p.
Due to diminishing marginal utility, we know that [alpha] < [beta] so that, of course, the DM is worse off with stronger dependence.
The Benthamite's law of diminishing marginal utility (the more one has of something the less one values additional units thereof) entails that transfers from rich Brahmin to poor untouchables will increase total utility.
Hicks replaced the principle of diminishing marginal utility with a diminishing marginal rate of substitution: at a given level in his scale of preference, a consumer is willing to give up less and less of one good in order to consume more of another; one unit of the new good can be substituted for less and less of the previous one.
As explained below, the concepts of a social welfare function and diminishing marginal utility are necessary to understand Diamond and Saez's argument.
Diminishing marginal utility of increasing income is probably one of the most prominent concepts in economic analysis.
I reach the rather surprising conclusion that the diminishing marginal utility argument for reducing income inequality is weaker in the short run than in the long run.
Here again, it is physician leadership that is in the best position to determine at what point diminishing marginal utility sets in.
Here, income effects arise from the diminishing marginal utility of parental consumption.
According to him, the marginal utility of borrowed money is an exception to the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility and it could get people hooked to borrowing.
He focused his presentation on four key areas: Technology solutions provide diminishing marginal utility, focus on better understanding cybernetics (human machine interactions), understand cyber-terrorism at enterprise level, the need to perform certain unconventional roles (building technology tracking systems ahead of attacks, prepare to accept the complexity of digital security and plays the roles of educator and mentor).
Al-Shaybani, for example, discussed the issue of consumption behaviour and touched on the idea of what nowadays in economics is called the law of diminishing marginal utility.