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Related to diphenylhydantoin: diphenhydramine, phenytoin


 (dī-fĕn′əl-hī-dăn′tō-ĭn, -fē′nəl-)

[diphenyl + hydantoin, one of its constituents (hyd(rogen) + (all)anto(is) + -in).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌfɛn ɪˈtoʊ ɪn, fəˈnɪt oʊ-)

a barbiturate-related substance, C15H12N2O2, used as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy.
[1940–45; shortening of diphenylhydantoin= di-1 + phenyl + hydantoin a crystalline derivative of imidazole]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diphenylhydantoin - an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
hydantoin - any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A long-term study of the excretion of folate and pterins in a human subject after ingestion of 14C folic acid, with observations on the effect of diphenylhydantoin administration.
Hepatic injury associated with diphenylhydantoin therapy: a clinicopathologic study of 20 cases.
"Acne-like lesions can occur in response to various compounds: corticosteroids, halogens, isonicotinic acid, diphenylhydantoin, and lithium carbonate.
The partial seizures were unresponsive to intravenous diazepam, diphenylhydantoin and midazolam.
Effects of ouabain and diphenylhydantoin on transmembrane potentials, intracellular electrolytes, and cell pH of rat muscle and liver in vivo.
The patient had experienced convulsions 3 years before her first visit to our hospital and was on medication (diphenylhydantoin 200 mg/day).
This method, withdrawn after the introduction of diphenylhydantoin to epilepsy treatment, was used again as an alternative way in cases of drug-resistant seizures in the late 90s.
(23) found that 13 (65%) patients were on antiepileptics, and of these, nine (45%) were on monotherapy (phenobarbital, carbamazepine or diphenylhydantoin) and four (20%) were on polytherapy (phenobarbital+carbamazepine or phenobarbital+diphenylhydantoin).
Phenytoin (Diphenylhydantoin) was introduced in therapy in 1937 for effective control of convulsive disorders with a common side effect being gingival hyperplasia.
When both these patients presented to our pain clinic, the case was as follows: the patients reported that they could not get rid of their pain although they received carbamazepine, diphenylhydantoin, and baclofen therapy.
Among the anticonvulsants, gingival enlargement is seen mostly with phenytoin (diphenylhydantoin).