diphtheria


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

diph·the·ri·a

 (dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-)
n.
An acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which infects mucous membranes of the throat, causing formation of a thick layer called the false membrane that can obstruct breathing, and producing a potent toxin that enters the bloodstream and causes systemic effects that include damage to the heart and nervous system.

[New Latin diphthēria, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphtherā, piece of hide, leather; see letter.]

diph′the·rit′ic (-thə-rĭt′ĭk), diph·ther′ic (-thĕr′ĭk), diph·the′ri·al adj.

diphtheria

(dɪpˈθɪərɪə; dɪf-)
n
(Pathology) an acute contagious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, producing fever, severe prostration, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing as the result of swelling of the throat and formation of a false membrane
[C19: New Latin, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphthera leather; from the nature of the membrane]
diphˈtherial, diphtheritic, diphtheric adj
ˈdiphtheˌroid adj

diph•the•ri•a

(dɪfˈθɪər i ə, dɪp-)

n.
a febrile infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat.
[1850–55; < French diphthérie < Greek diphthér(a) skin, leather + -ie -ia]
diph•the′ri•al, diph`the•rit′ic (-θəˈrɪt ɪk) adj.

diph·the·ri·a

(dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-thîr′ē-ə)
A contagious disease caused by a bacterium and characterized by fever, swollen glands, and the formation of a membrane in the throat that prevents breathing. Diphtheria was once a leading cause of death in children, but now children are routinely immunized against it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriaediphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
contagion, contagious disease - any disease easily transmitted by contact
Translations
خُناق
záškrt
difteritis
diphtériediphthérie
torokgyík
barnaveiki
difteritas
difterija
záškrt

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] Ndifteria f

diphtheria

[dɪpˈθɪəriə dɪfˈθɪəriə] ndiphtérie f

diphtheria

nDiphtherie f

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] ndifterite f

diphtheria

(difˈθiəriə) noun
an infectious disease of the throat.

diph·the·ri·a

n. difteria, enfermedad contagiosa e infecciosa aguda, causada por el bacilo Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs-Löffler), caracterizada por la formación de membranas falsas esp. en la garganta;
___ antitoxinantitoxina contra la ___.

diphtheria

n difteria
References in classic literature ?
There had been a daughter, I heard, but she had died of diphtheria while on a visit to Birmingham.
Freddy's got a friend coming Tuesday, there's Cecil, and you've promised to take in Minnie Beebe because of the diphtheria scare.
She come through diphtheria right enough the year before.
Cholera I had, with severe complications; and diphtheria I seemed to have been born with.
But he died prematurely of diphtheria, and Rosamond afterwards married an elderly and wealthy physician, who took kindly to her four children.
i] The full chemical name for PENTACEL(TM) vaccine is: (Haemophilus b Conjugate Vaccine [Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate] - ActHIBEAE Reconstituted with Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed Combined with Poliovirus Vaccine Inactivated)
Two Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine, Adsorbed (Tdap) products were licensed for single-dose use earlier this year: Glaxo-SmithKline's Boostrix, approved for ages 10-18 years, and Sanofi-Pasteur's Adacel, for ages 11-64 years.
At that time, they were providing 19% of all diphtheria and tetanus products, according to Dean Mason, of the CDC's National Immunization Program.
Experts warned of the dangers of diphtheria, polio, whooping cough and measles which have all virtually been conquered.
Department of Health officials today moved to reassure travellers after it emerged some GPs had been using diphtheria vaccine which was past its recommended use-by date.
All military personnel in World War II also received the familiar DPT shots for diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Diphtheria - Pipeline Review, H1 2012', provides an overview of the Diphtheria therapeutic pipeline.

Full browser ?