disaccharide


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di·sac·cha·ride

 (dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
n.
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.

disaccharide

(daɪˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd) or

disaccharid

n
(Biochemistry) any of a class of sugars, such as maltose, lactose, and sucrose, having two linked monosaccharide units per molecule

di•sac•cha•ride

(daɪˈsæk əˌraɪd, -rɪd)

n.
any of a group of carbohydrates, as sucrose or lactose, that yield monosaccharides on hydrolysis.
[1890–95]

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.disaccharide - any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
lactose, milk sugar - a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk; "cow's milk contains about 4.7% lactose"
malt sugar, maltose - a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
oligosaccharide - any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
saccharose, sucrose - a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
Translations
disaccharide
disackarid
References in periodicals archive ?
Similar to sucrose, Palatinose is a disaccharide consisting of a glucose and fructose molecule, but in contrast to sucrose, the molecular linkage is much stronger, allowing for more full and slow digestibility of Palatinose, resulting in more steady and sustained carbohydrate energy (glucose), Mr.
00 1) Disaccharide treatments: addition of 15%, 18%, 21%, and 24% concentrations of sucrose, lactose and maltose based on raw meat weight (wt/wt).
This notion was supported by Guo et al (2015) who mentioned that the percentages of 4-sulfated chondroitin sulfate disaccharide and hyaluronic acid disaccharide in the sera of patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were significantly increased, compared with healthy individuals.
In fact, when melibiose, which is a disaccharide having an acid-labile 1,6-glycosidic bond, was treated with methanol in the presence of hydrogen chloride under Fischer's conditions, the product was a mixture of monosaccharide derivatives as a result of glycosidic bond cleavage.
It is important to note that the flavored spicy rum, Scotch liqueur and the sparkling wine samples contain sucrose, which is the disaccharide of glucose and fructose.
The ability to transform the ingested disaccharide sucrose also differs significantly among hemipterans species (Fisher et al.
Tomatsu and coworkers studied the enzymatic degradation of glycosaminoglycans in DBS and measured a disaccharide derived from chondroitin sulfate, and 2 disaccharides derived from heparan sulfate (65).
2 Voglibose3 and miglitol4 inhibit the disaccharide -digesting enzymes well, but have no effect on the starch digesting enzyme alpha amylase.
The synthetic disaccharide lactulose, consisting of fructose and galactose.
HA belongs to the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) group, which consists of anionic heteropolysaccharides composed of long, nonramified and repetitive disaccharide units.
Enzyme activity: lactase catalyzes the hydrolysis of the disaccharide lactose, yielding glucose and galactose;
The purgative of choice is the non-absorbable disaccharide lactulose (Cephulac[R]).