disaccharide


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di·sac·cha·ride

 (dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
n.
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.

disaccharide

(daɪˈsækəˌraɪd; -rɪd) or

disaccharid

n
(Biochemistry) any of a class of sugars, such as maltose, lactose, and sucrose, having two linked monosaccharide units per molecule

di•sac•cha•ride

(daɪˈsæk əˌraɪd, -rɪd)

n.
any of a group of carbohydrates, as sucrose or lactose, that yield monosaccharides on hydrolysis.
[1890–95]

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.disaccharide - any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
lactose, milk sugar - a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk; "cow's milk contains about 4.7% lactose"
malt sugar, maltose - a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
oligosaccharide - any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
saccharose, sucrose - a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
Translations
disaccharide
disackarid
References in periodicals archive ?
The trypsin present in pancreatin performs to hydrolyze amylase hydrolyzes starches in oligosaccharides and the disaccharide maltose, proteins in oligopeptides; and lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides in glycerols and fatty acids.
Trehalose is a low molecular weight disaccharide (.342 kDa) that crosses the blood brain barrier, stabilizes proteins, and importantly activates autophagy which is the process that clears material from cells.
Heparin is known as disaccharide anticoagulant, commonly referred to as blood thinner, which prevents formation of blood clots.
FODMAP is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols, all of which are carbohydrates.
The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide (in the body, sucrose hydrolyses into fructose and glucose).
LpxB is the glycosyltransferase that forms the base glucosamine disaccharide of lipid A, catalyzing the formation of the glycosidic bond between the anomeric carbon of the UDP-DAG glucosamine and the 6-hydroxyl of lipid X to form lipid A disaccharide [56].
CS chain is composed of 12-18 disaccharide repeating units, consisting of glucuronic acid and N-acetyl galactosamine (GalNAc), which may be sulphated either in position C4 or in C6 [7, 8].
The formula of Chinese-style pork jerky Ingredients Concentration (%, wt/wt) Pork ham 100.00 Salt 1.00 Monosodium glutamate 1.00 Rice wine 0.50 Soy sauce 1.00 Liquorice powder 0.15 Five spices 0.15 Cinnamon 0.10 Sodium tripolyphosphate 0.30 Sodium erythobate 0.05 Sodium nitrite 0.10 Disaccharides 1) 0.00/15.00/18.00/21.00/24.00 1) Disaccharide treatments: addition of 15%, 18%, 21%, and 24% concentrations of sucrose, lactose and maltose based on raw meat weight (wt/wt).
This notion was supported by Guo et al (2015) who mentioned that the percentages of 4-sulfated chondroitin sulfate disaccharide and hyaluronic acid disaccharide in the sera of patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma were significantly increased, compared with healthy individuals.
In fact, when melibiose, which is a disaccharide having an acid-labile 1,6-glycosidic bond, was treated with methanol in the presence of hydrogen chloride under Fischer's conditions, the product was a mixture of monosaccharide derivatives as a result of glycosidic bond cleavage.