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These nouns denote a condition, circumstance, or characteristic unfavorable to success: Poor health is a disadvantage to athletes. The lack of a parking lot has been a detriment to the museum. Every job has its drawbacks. Illiteracy is a serious handicap in life.
dis•ad•van•tage(ˌdɪs ədˈvæn tɪdʒ, -ˈvɑn-)
n., v. -taged, -tag•ing. n.
behind the eightball At a disadvantage; in a jam or difficult situation. Originally American, this expression is said to have come from the game of Kelly pool. In one variation of this game, all the balls except the black eightball must be pocketed in a certain order. If, in the course of play, another ball strikes the eightball, the player is penalized. Thus, a player finding the eightball between the cueball and the one he intends to pocket is indeed in a disadvantageous position. John O’Hara used the phrase in Appointment in Samarra (1934):
You get signing checks for prospects down at the country club, and you wind up behind the eightball.
get the short end of the stick See VICTIMIZATION.
have two strikes against one To be at a disadvantage, and thus have less chance of successfully reaching one’s goal or following through with one’s plans. This expression comes from baseball, where a batter has three chances to hit a ball in the strike zone. Sometimes this expression alludes to a disadvantage over which one has no control, such as one’s sex, race, or ethnic background.
on the hip At a disadvantage, in an extremely vulnerable or helpless position, over a barrel. There is some dispute as to whether this expression derived from hunting or from wrestling. The wrestling theory seems more plausible and is supported by the OED. The phrase, now archaic, dates from the latter half of the 15th century. It appeared in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice:
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him. (I, iii)
play with loaded dice To undertake a project or other matter in which the odds are against success; to have little chance. Literally, loaded dice are those which have been fraudulently weighted to increase the chances of throwing certain combinations—usually losing ones—in craps or other games of chance. Figuratively, then, to play with loaded dice is to engage in some undertaking in which the odds are fixed so that there is little chance of success. A related expression, play with a stacked deck, has the same implications and refers to cheating by stacking a deck of cards, i.e., arranging them in a certain order to force a desired result.
suck the hind teat See VICTIMIZATION.
underdog A person in an inferior position; one who is expected to be defeated in a race, election, etc.; a dark horse. This expression may allude to a canine skirmish, in which both dogs vie for the more advantageous top position. The familiar phrase, while retaining its sense of an unlikely victor in a competition, is often used today to describe the victim of social conventions, government bureaucracy, and other virtually omnipotent institutions.
The mission of the Democratic party is to fight for the under-dog. (Daily Chronicle, June, 1892)
Past participle: disadvantaged
|Noun||1.||disadvantage - the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position|
liability - the quality of being something that holds you back
limitation - the quality of being limited or restricted; "it is a good plan but it has serious limitations"
shortcoming, defect - a failing or deficiency; "that interpretation is an unfortunate defect of our lack of information"
nuisance value, awkwardness - the quality of an embarrassing situation; "he sensed the awkwardness of his proposal"
deprivation, loss - the disadvantage that results from losing something; "his loss of credibility led to his resignation"; "losing him is no great deprivation"
drawback - the quality of being a hindrance; "he pointed out all the drawbacks to my plan"
penalty - the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition; "neglected his health and paid the penalty"
|Verb||1.||disadvantage - put at a disadvantage; hinder, harm; "This rule clearly disadvantages me"|
hamper, handicap, hinder - put at a disadvantage; "The brace I have to wear is hindering my movements"
prejudice - disadvantage by prejudice
advantage - give an advantage to; "This system advantages the rich"
drawback benefit, advantage, merit, convenience
to sb's disadvantage → perjudicial para algn
to the disadvantage of → en perjuicio or detrimento de
to be at a disadvantage → estar en desventaja, estar en una situación desventajosa
this put him at a disadvantage → esto lo dejó en situación desventajosa