The legal literature on corporate violations of law has not been as uniformly opposed to or clear in disaffirming
unlawful activity, but it has been limited in focus.
Vought's appointment on disaffirming
his belief that salvation from
We should be more affirming and not disaffirming
of the way people live their lives.
She therefore lacked full contractual capacity under the substantive law of State X, and she manifested her intention to exercise the power to avoid the contract by disaffirming
it at the preliminary hearing before the State F trial court.
From the disaffirming
viewpoint, a further inquiry would follow: how to understand such an end of impossibility that makes word/language inevitably fail to, as it were, "catch the bird"?
Alternatively, the authors acknowledge the possibility that sexual minority youth with low levels of religiosity may reject aspects of their religion that appear to be incongruent with, or disaffirming
of, their sexuality.
Lind developed this measure to assess cognitive as well as emotional aspects of moral reasoning through exposure to moral dilemmas followed by responses affirming or disaffirming
statements associated with different degrees moral reasoning development.
Critical theorists remind us that classroom spaces, as microcosms of the wider world, are replete with multilayered, systemic interactions of power, social practices, and relationships that work (both consciously and unconsciously) to legitimize and empower particular forms of knowing and being while disaffirming
others (Ellsworth, 1989; Fassett & Warren, 2006; Johnson, 2005; Kincheloe, 2005; McLaren, 1994; Shor, 1992; Sprague, 1992).
Negative emotions such as shame and anger may be elicited where there is a struggle for power, where social interactions are disaffirming
, individual power or status is diminished, and norms/trust have been violated; positive emotions such as pride may be elicited where social interactions are affirming, build solidarity and connectedness, individuals show support for one another, and power or status is enhanced (Boudens, 2005; Bourdieu, 1980; Elfenbein, 2007; Lawler & Thye, 1999; Tracy & Robins, 2007a; Turner & Stets, 2006).
199, 206-8 (2001) (linking crimes of slave trade and sex trafficking and disaffirming
interpretation of trafficking as cultural practice); Rassam, supra note Error: Reference source not found, at 348-50 (noting benefits of classifying sex trafficking within ambit of slavery in international human rights discourse).
(21) These statutes prevent a child from disaffirming
a contract if the contracting adult had reason to believe that the contracting child had the capacity to contract because the child misrepresented his age.
(227) Eric Porter, Affirming and Disaffirming
Actions: Remaking Race in the 1970s, in AMERICA IN THE SEVENTIES, supra note 189, at 50, 59-60; SCHULMAN, supra note 196, at 68.