Who could fail to be charmed by John Stephens's elaborate culinary metaphors, addressed to the reader of 'The Authors Epistle Popular' that fronts his Cynthia's Revenge (1613), which mock the increasingly stale formalities of the genre, promising not to 'discant
' on the difference 'betwixt Readers, and vnderstanding Readers' or set 'formall limitiation who should, with my consent, sur-vey this Poem' (1.427).
165: 'iuniores discant
legere et cantare, ut divinum officium valeant exercere; grammaticalia vero et auctores discere non oportet.' Emphasis added.
Also, significant decreases in experiencing God as discant
, harsh, and disapproving were noted.
It was only in the Notre-Dame epoch (around the turn of the 12th/13th century) that a distinction began to made between the organum, involving melismata above the longer notes of the plainchant melody, and discant
, where the voices are rhythmatised according to certain rhythmic models.
"Scribite, scriptores" the Timaeus seems to urge its readers, "ut discant
posteriores" (write, writers, so that posterity may learn) (22); in turn, the Song of Roland provides an example of how French-language clergie responds to that challenge.
Unde Ovidius puellis amorem virorum allicere cupientibus praecipit ut cantare discant
(87.) William Livingston, A Discant
on the Origin, Nature, Use, and Abuse of Civil Government, THE INDEPENDENT REFLECTOR, July 12, 1753, reprinted in THE INDEPENDENT REFLECTOR, OR WEEKLY ESSAYS ON SUNDRY IMPORTANT SUBJECTS, BY WILLIAM LIVINGSTON AND OTHERS 285, 286 (Milton Klein ed., 1963).
iuvenibus adhibendi sunt comites quorum monitis discant
et conscientia retrahantur et imitatione proficiant.
Praetorius provides the figured bass together with an accompanying Discant
pro Organo to help young organists in his Puercinium (Wolfenbuttel, 1621).
The historical root of this apparent anomaly lies in the standard clausulae of discant
theory and in the primacy within these exempla of the falling tone in the tenor.