Scarcity claims can sometimes be disconfirmed
by information in the marketplace.
The confidence in a theory can be ranked on a five-grade ordinal scale of values from "almost certainly disconfirmed
" (if 0%<p(h/e)<9,99%), to "disconfirmed
" (if 10%<p(h/e)<29,99%), to "somewhat disconfirmed
" (if 30%<p(h/e)<49,99%), to "somewhat confirmed" (if 50%<p(h/e)<69,99%), to "almost certainly confirmed" (if 70%<p(h/e)<100%).
The sentence (2) cannot be either confirmed or disconfirmed
by any future observations.
Such disingenuous construal of the OPCW statement does little to encourage belief that the UN will take any meaningful part in at least forcefully demanding an investigation, even as it is the only way in which Amnesty's conclusions can be confirmed or disconfirmed
on the basis of physical forensic analysis.
For example, special creation of humankind is disconfirmed
by genetic analyses that document interbreeding between Neanderthals and humans.
Predicted agreement disconfirmed
. Predicted disagreement disconfirmed
Oliver  Summarizes current thinking on satisfaction in the following definition "satisfaction is a summary, psychological state resulting when the emotion surrounding disconfirmed
expectations is coupled with the customer's prior feelings about the consumption experience" (p.
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There will, of course, be much more research on Pius XII in the coming years, especially after the Vatican's release of his extensive papal correspondence (anticipated in the very near future), but the carefully drawn conclusions of Robert Ventresca are not liable to be disconfirmed
by later historians.
The paper concludes with advising guidelines for helping students effectively cope with disconfirmed
Performance that exceeds expectations has positive disconfirmation, performance that meets expectations is confirmed, and performance that is below expectations is negatively disconfirmed
. Generally speaking, the more negative the disconfirmation, the greater the dissatisfaction, whereas the more positive the disconfirmation, the greater the satisfaction (McCollough, Berry, & Yadav, 2000).
the effects of bad career decisions and disconfirmed
expectancies were felt equally across age groups."