Agrarian amortization and disentailment
processes: concepts and forms
With various forces at work such as the disentailment
of church lands, the expansion of Madrid, and changing gender roles in public space, the question of who could go where--and why--is an important one.
During the debates over Spain's disentailment
, the marquis de Valle Santoro warned of the risks to everyone's liberty inherent in even a minor limitation of private property.
Having undergone the fervour of disentailment
during the 1800s liberalist period (in some areas as those of north-western Iberian Peninsula, with a large group of peasant small-holders, the consolidation of capitalism gave rise to a less unequal division of land: the rate of privatization was not so high, due to a social consensus on the need for the conservation of at least a part of the commons (Iriarte-Gona, 2002), working for the sound traditional equilibrium between important land owners and poor peasants), the commons--Montes Vecinais En Man Comun (MVMC) in Galicia and Baldios in Portugal--also survived the 20th century totalitarian interventions of Franco and Salazar's regimes.
In the discussions carried out in the focal groups, counselors identified the following issues as generating clashes: i) "Professional of HC", referring to the low turnover rates and the renovation of members in the Councils, which includes managers that remain "forever" in their positions; ii) Clientelism--Counselors involved in assisting individual demands, in order to accumulate political capital in the community, thus qualifying for elective positions in the future; iii) Disentailment
of the Counselor from the entity or community they represent; iv) Omission of strategic information for the Council as a whole, favoring only "allied Counselors"; and v) Lack of respect in relations with "humbler" Counselors.
Economic analysis of disentailment
in Colombia, 1861-1888
was a massive transfer of property that mainly benefited the middle and upper echelons of the bourgeoisie at the expense of the clergy and a large sector of the poor that relied on social services and education provided by the Church.
Arrom finds that although bringing charitable institutions under direct state control was a centerpiece of the liberal Reform, the disentailment
of corporate properties mandated by the 1856 Lerdo Law brought financial ruin on the Poor House.
Ferrer Benimeli offers a more materialist interpretation, concluding that the expulsion was in effect a disguised form of disentailment
For C a ground clause, the disentailment
problem N ?