disfluency


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disfluency

(dɪsˈfluːənsɪ)
n, pl -cies
1. (Phonetics & Phonology) an unintentional interruption in speech such as a hesitation or slur
2. an impairment in the ability to produce smooth speech
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.disfluency - lack of skillfulness in speaking or writing
unskillfulness - a lack of cognitive skill
fluency - skillfulness in speaking or writing
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
When recalling events around what happened to Ana he would show signs of "disfluency" and avoidance.
Around the first school year, nearly 5% of children presented speech disorders, including some type of disfluency and dysarthria.
In some ways, Sans Forgetica is a continuation of work by Daniel Oppenheimer, a Carnegie Mellon psychology professor who presented a similar idea about "desirable difficulty" called "disfluency" while doing work at Princeton University in 2011.
This occurred especially when beginner level students read, and their disfluency in reading made it difficult for the others to follow.
In their study, Hernandez and Preston (2013) found that when an individual with a conservative political attitude read an article written in a familiar font (fluency) in which the author expressed support for the death penalty, the reader tended to support that idea; however, when the same article was written in a light gray bold and novel font (disfluency), the reader's tendency to support the idea became weaker.
To make data easier to absorb, we often need to create disfluency -- deliberately manipulating it in some way to make it harder to process -- and then use that data, such as repeating what we just learned by explaining it to someone.
In a case report by Horga et al., a patient developed speech disfluency with myoclonus with clozapine 350 mg per day and clomipramine 225 mg per day and subsequently had generalized tonic-clonic seizures [9].
In the corpus of Portuguese lectures LECTRA filled pauses correspond to 1.8% of all the words and to 22.9% of all disfluency types being the most frequent type in the corpus [9].
Those participants who selected to not expose their stuttering disability began developing mitigation strategies and alternative behaviors as a direct consequence of internalizing the worth of fluent speech and the stigma that is associated with disfluency. Participants who decided not to employ coping mechanisms appeared not to internalize negative responses about their impediment.
Thus they were more difficult to read than material printed on regular paper, and this may have caused disfluency (Alter, 2013).