distillation


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distillation
simple distillation of water

dis·til·la·tion

 (dĭs′tə-lā′shən)
n.
1. The evaporation and subsequent collection of a liquid by condensation as a means of purification: the distillation of water.
2. The extraction of the volatile components of a mixture by the condensation and collection of the vapors that are produced as the mixture is heated: petroleum distillation.
3. A distillate.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

distillation

(ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən)
n
1. (Chemistry) the act, process, or product of distilling
2. (Brewing) the act, process, or product of distilling
3. (Chemistry) the process of evaporating or boiling a liquid and condensing its vapour
4. (Chemistry) purification or separation of mixture by using different evaporation rates or boiling points of their components. See also fractional distillation
5. (Chemistry) the process of obtaining the essence or an extract of a substance, usually by heating it in a solvent
6. (Chemistry) another name for distillate1
7. a concentrated essence
disˈtillatory adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

dis•til•la•tion

(ˌdɪs tlˈeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the process of heating, evaporating, and subsequently condensing a liquid.
2. the purification or concentration of a substance or the separation of one substance from another by such a process.
4. the act of distilling or the state of being distilled.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

dis·til·la·tion

(dĭs′tə-lā′shən)
A method of separating a substance that is in solution from its solvent or of separating a liquid from a mixture of liquids having different boiling points. The liquid to be separated is evaporated (as by boiling), and its vapor is then collected after it condenses. Distillation is used to separate fresh water from a salt solution and gasoline from petroleum. ♦ The condensed vapor, which is the purified liquid, is called the distillate.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

distillation

A process in which a solution (or a mixture of liquids whose boiling points are widely differing) is heated to a particular temperature to produce a vapor. This vapor is condensed, forming a pure liquid (the distillate) which has a single boiling point.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.distillation - the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vaporsdistillation - the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors
natural action, natural process, action, activity - a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); "the action of natural forces"; "volcanic activity"
2.distillation - a purified liquid produced by condensation from a vapor during distilling; the product of distilling
liquid - a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

distillation

noun
1. essence, extract, elixir, spirit, quintessence a distillation of the blooms of the Cananga Odorata tree
2. distilling, processing, refining, purification, filtration Stronger beverages are produced by distillation.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
تَقْطير
destilace
destillation
lepár lás
eiming; áfengisgerî
destilácia
damıt ma

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən] Ndestilación f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən] n
[whisky, water] → distillation f
(from plant) [oil, liquid] → distillation f
[thoughts, ideas, experiences] → condensé mdistilled water neau f déminéralisée, eau f distillée
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

distillation

n
(Chem etc: = act) → Destillation f; (of whisky etc also)Brennen nt; (= product)Destillat nt
(fig: = act) → Verarbeitung f; (= product)Destillat nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃn] ndistillazione f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

distil

(diˈstil) (American) distillpast tense, past participle diˈstilled verb
1. to get (a liquid) in a pure state by heating to steam or a vapour and cooling again.
2. to obtain alcoholic spirit from anything by this method. Whisky is distilled from barley.
ˌdistilˈlation noun
diˈstiller noun
a person or firm that distils and makes spirits. a firm of whisky-distillers.
diˈstilleryplural diˈstilleries noun
a place where distilling (of whisky, brandy etc) is done.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

dis·til·la·tion

n. destilación.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
The rum (for so the landlord chose to call the distillation from malt) had basely taken the advantage of the fatigue which the poor woman had undergone, and had made terrible depredations on her noble faculties, at a time when they were very unable to resist the attack.
Go you to a brook hollow where they grow some late summer twilight at dewfall; and on the still air that rises suddenly to meet you will come a waft of faint, aromatic fragrance, wondrously sweet and evasive, the distillation of that despised thistle bloom.
But he has spilt the precious distillation of the years, and no chemistry of his can give it back to society again.
For three days he watered this cabbage with a distillation of arsenic; on the third, the cabbage began to droop and turn yellow.
To the sense of smell the house was like a sort of bottle filled with a strong distillation of Mews; and when the footman opened the door, he seemed to take the stopper out.
Hollister’s confounded distillations, and so I’ll come down and go with you.
The report discreetly mentions the prime companies operating in the Fixed Automatic Distillation Analyzer market, together with production and revenue statistics, followed by recent developments.
This EPC contract covers the debottlenecking of existing units as well as the delivery of new units including a Crude Distillation Unit, a Vacuum Distillation Unit, a hydrogen production facility based on our steam reforming technology, as well as various process units, interconnecting, offsites and utilities.
On the basis of method of extraction, the distillation segment is estimated to be the largest market in the essential oil industry in 2017 Distillation is the process of separating components of a mixture by evaporating and then condensing the vapor into liquid.
In many works, simple batch distillation has been used to fractionate shale oils to narrow boiling range fractions and it has been attempted to calculate average boiling points of fractions as arithmetic averages of the initial and final temperatures of the thermometer during fraction collection [12, 13].