distinguish

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dis·tin·guish

 (dĭ-stĭng′gwĭsh)
v. dis·tin·guished, dis·tin·guish·ing, dis·tin·guish·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To perceive as being different or distinct: Can you distinguish a pattern in this behavior?
b. To perceive distinctly; discern: The lookout distinguished the masts of ships on the horizon.
2.
a. To demonstrate or describe as being different or distinct: a scientist who distinguished four species of the plant.
b. To be an identifying characteristic of; make noticeable or different: These spices distinguish this style of Asian cooking.
3. To cause (oneself) to be respected or eminent: They have distinguished themselves as dedicated social workers.
v.intr.
To perceive or indicate differences; discriminate: Can the child distinguish between right and wrong?

[Alteration of obsolete distingue, from Middle English distinguen, from Old French distinguer, from Latin distinguere, to separate; see steig- in Indo-European roots.]

dis·tin′guish·a·ble adj.
dis·tin′guish·a·bly adv.

distinguish

(dɪˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (when: intr, foll by between or among) to make, show, or recognize a difference or differences (between or among); differentiate (between)
2. to be a distinctive feature of; characterize
3. to make out; perceive
4. to mark for a special honour or title
5. to make (oneself) noteworthy: he distinguished himself by his cowardice.
6. to classify; categorize: we distinguished three species.
[C16: from Latin distinguere to separate, discriminate]
disˈtinguishable adj
disˈtinguishably adv
disˈtinguisher n
disˈtinguishing adj
disˈtinguishingly adv

dis•tin•guish

(dɪˈstɪŋ gwɪʃ)

v.t.
1. to mark off as different (often fol. by from or by): His height distinguishes him from the other boys.
2. to recognize as distinct or different; recognize the individual features or characteristics of.
3. to perceive clearly by sight or other sense; discern; recognize.
4. to set apart as different; characterize: Her Italian accent distinguishes her.
5. to make prominent or eminent: to distinguish oneself in the arts.
6. to divide into classes; classify.
7. Archaic. to single out for special attention or honor.
v.i.
8. to indicate or show a difference (usu. fol. by between).
9. to recognize or note differences; discriminate.
[1555–65; « Latin distinguere; see distinct]
dis•tin′guish•a•ble, adj.
dis•tin`guish•a•bil′i•ty, n.
dis•tin′guish•a•bly, adv.
syn: distinguish, differentiate, discriminate mean to note the difference between two or more similar things. To distinguish is to recognize differences based on characteristic features or qualities: to distinguish a light cruiser from a heavy cruiser. To differentiate is to find and point out the exact differences in detail: The symptoms of both diseases are so similar that it is hard to differentiate one from the other. To discriminate is to note fine or subtle distinctions and to judge their significance: to discriminate prejudiced from unprejudiced testimony.

distinguish


Past participle: distinguished
Gerund: distinguishing

Imperative
distinguish
distinguish
Present
I distinguish
you distinguish
he/she/it distinguishes
we distinguish
you distinguish
they distinguish
Preterite
I distinguished
you distinguished
he/she/it distinguished
we distinguished
you distinguished
they distinguished
Present Continuous
I am distinguishing
you are distinguishing
he/she/it is distinguishing
we are distinguishing
you are distinguishing
they are distinguishing
Present Perfect
I have distinguished
you have distinguished
he/she/it has distinguished
we have distinguished
you have distinguished
they have distinguished
Past Continuous
I was distinguishing
you were distinguishing
he/she/it was distinguishing
we were distinguishing
you were distinguishing
they were distinguishing
Past Perfect
I had distinguished
you had distinguished
he/she/it had distinguished
we had distinguished
you had distinguished
they had distinguished
Future
I will distinguish
you will distinguish
he/she/it will distinguish
we will distinguish
you will distinguish
they will distinguish
Future Perfect
I will have distinguished
you will have distinguished
he/she/it will have distinguished
we will have distinguished
you will have distinguished
they will have distinguished
Future Continuous
I will be distinguishing
you will be distinguishing
he/she/it will be distinguishing
we will be distinguishing
you will be distinguishing
they will be distinguishing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been distinguishing
you have been distinguishing
he/she/it has been distinguishing
we have been distinguishing
you have been distinguishing
they have been distinguishing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been distinguishing
you will have been distinguishing
he/she/it will have been distinguishing
we will have been distinguishing
you will have been distinguishing
they will have been distinguishing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been distinguishing
you had been distinguishing
he/she/it had been distinguishing
we had been distinguishing
you had been distinguishing
they had been distinguishing
Conditional
I would distinguish
you would distinguish
he/she/it would distinguish
we would distinguish
you would distinguish
they would distinguish
Past Conditional
I would have distinguished
you would have distinguished
he/she/it would have distinguished
we would have distinguished
you would have distinguished
they would have distinguished
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.distinguish - mark as different; "We distinguish several kinds of maple"
know - be able to distinguish, recognize as being different; "The child knows right from wrong"
identify, place - recognize as being; establish the identity of someone or something; "She identified the man on the 'wanted' poster"
discriminate, know apart - recognize or perceive the difference
label - distinguish (an element or atom) by using a radioactive isotope or an isotope of unusual mass for tracing through chemical reactions
label - distinguish (as a compound or molecule) by introducing a labeled atom
sex - tell the sex (of young chickens)
individualise, individualize - make or mark or treat as individual; "The sounds were individualized by sharpness and tone"
contrast - put in opposition to show or emphasize differences; "The middle school teacher contrasted her best student's work with that of her weakest student"
severalise, severalize - distinguish or separate
contradistinguish - distinguish by contrasting qualities
decouple, dissociate - regard as unconnected; "you must dissociate these two events!"; "decouple our foreign policy from ideology"
demarcate - separate clearly, as if by boundaries
discriminate, single out, separate - treat differently on the basis of sex or race
stratify - divide society into social classes or castes; "Income distribution often stratifies a society"
2.distinguish - detect with the senses; "The fleeing convicts were picked out of the darkness by the watchful prison guards"; "I can't make out the faces in this photograph"
resolve - make clearly visible; "can this image be resolved?"
discriminate - distinguish; "I could not discriminate the different tastes in this complicated dish"
3.distinguish - be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense; "His modesty distinguishes him from his peers"
mark - designate as if by a mark; "This sign marks the border"
characterize, characterise, qualify - describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of; "You can characterize his behavior as that of an egotist"; "This poem can be characterized as a lament for a dead lover"
characterise, characterize - be characteristic of; "What characterizes a Venetian painting?"
4.distinguish - make conspicuous or noteworthy
mark - designate as if by a mark; "This sign marks the border"
singularise, singularize - distinguish as singular
5.distinguish - identify as in botany or biology, for example

distinguish

verb
1. differentiate, determine, separate, discriminate, decide, judge, discern, ascertain, tell the difference, make a distinction, tell apart, tell between Could he distinguish right from wrong?
2. characterize, mark, separate, single out, individualize, set apart, make different, make distinctive one of the things that distinguishes artists from other people
3. make out, identify, recognize, perceive, know, see, tell, spot, glimpse, pick out, discern He could distinguish voices.
distinguish yourself be successful, become famous, excel yourself, become immortalized, glorify yourself, ennoble yourself They distinguished themselves at the Battle of Assaye.

distinguish

verb
1. To recognize as being different:
2. To perceive and fix the identity of, especially with difficulty:
3. To perceive with a special effort of the senses or the mind:
5. To cause to be eminent or recognized:
Translations
يَتَمَيَّز، يُمَيِّز نَفْسَهيُمَيِّزيُـمَيِّزُيُمَيِّز، يَعْرِفيُمَيِّز، يُفَرِّق
rozlišitvyniknoutvyznačovat seodlišovatrozeznat
skelneudmærke sigadskillekende forskel på
erottaa toisistaan
razlikovati
greina á milligreina, sjáskara fram úr
区別する
구별하다
garsusįžiūrimaspasižymėjęspasižymėti
atšķirtizceltizceltiesizšķirtsadzirdēt
odlišovaťvyznačovať sa
razlikovati
särskilja
จำแนกความแตกต่าง
ayırt etmekfarkı görmekgörmekseçmeksivrilmek
phân biệt

distinguish

[dɪsˈtɪŋgwɪʃ]
A. VT
1. (= differentiate) → distinguir
they are so alike, it's hard to distinguish themson tan parecidos que es difícil distinguirlos
he is unable to distinguish brown from green or brown and greenno es capaz de distinguir el marrón del verde or el marrón y el verde
2. (= make different) → distinguir (from de) it is his professionalism that distinguishes him from his rivalssu profesionalismo es lo que le distingue de sus rivales
to distinguish o.sdestacarse (as como) he distinguished himself during his career in the armyse destacó durante su carrera en el ejército
you've really distinguished yourself! (iro) → ¡te has lucido! (iro)
3. (= characterize) → caracterizar
her work is distinguished by its excellent presentationsu trabajo se caracteriza por una excelente presentación
4. (= discern) [+ landmark] → distinguir, vislumbrar; [+ voice] → distinguir; [+ change] → distinguir, reconocer
B. VIdistinguir (between entre) I can't distinguish between the two of themno puedo distinguir entre los dos

distinguish

[dɪˈstɪŋgwɪʃ]
vt
(= make out) → distinguer
(= differentiate) to distinguish one thing from another → distinguer une chose d'une autre
to distinguish between one thing and another → faire la différence entre une chose et une autre
vi
to distinguish between [+ concepts] → distinguer entre, faire une distinction entre
to distinguish o.s. → se distinguer

distinguish

vt
(= make different)unterscheiden; only the length of their hair distinguishes the twinsdie Zwillinge unterscheiden sich nur durch ihre Haarlänge
(= tell apart)unterscheiden, auseinanderhalten; he can’t distinguish green from or and reder kann Rot nicht von Grün unterscheiden, er kann Rot und Grün nicht auseinanderhalten
(= make out) landmark, shapeerkennen, ausmachen; (amongst others) voiceheraushören
vi to distinguish betweenunterscheiden zwischen (+dat), → einen Unterschied machen zwischen (+dat)
vrsich auszeichnen, sich hervortun

distinguish

[dɪsˈtɪŋgwɪʃ]
1. vtdistinguere, discernere
he could just distinguish the form of a man → riusciva a malapena a distinguere la sagoma di un uomo
he can't distinguish red from green → non distingue il rosso dal verde
to distinguish o.s. (as) → distinguersi (come)
2. vi to distinguish (between)distinguere (tra)

distinguish

(diˈstiŋgwiʃ) verb
1. (often with from) to mark as different. What distinguishes this café from all the others?
2. to identify or make out. He could just distinguish the figure of a man running away.
3. (sometimes with between) to recognize a difference. I can't distinguish (between) the two types – they both look the same to me.
4. to make (oneself) noticed through one's achievements. He distinguished himself at school by winning a prize in every subject.
diˈstinguishable adjective
diˈstinguished adjective
famous or outstanding. a distinguished scientist.

distinguish

يُـمَيِّزُ rozlišit skelne unterscheiden ξεχωρίζω distinguir erottaa toisistaan distinguer razlikovati distinguere 区別する 구별하다 onderscheiden skjelne odróżnić distinguir отличать särskilja จำแนกความแตกต่าง ayırt etmek phân biệt 辨别

distinguish

v. distinguir; diferenciar, clasificar.

distinguish

vt distinguir
References in classic literature ?
James, in the passage about the mental fire which won't burn real sticks, distinguishes images by their effects, but I think the more reliable distinction is by their causes.
And besides these, I know of no other qualities that contribute to the perfection of the mind; for as to the reason or sense, inasmuch as it is that alone which constitutes us men, and distinguishes us from the brutes, I am disposed to believe that it is to be found complete in each individual; and on this point to adopt the common opinion of philosophers, who say that the difference of greater and less holds only among the accidents, and not among the forms or natures of individuals of the same species.
Precisely the same sheepish following of one given example distinguishes the ordering of genteel dinners.

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