Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to distrain: ponderer, distraint, resides


v. dis·trained, dis·train·ing, dis·trains Law
1. To seize and hold (property) to compel payment or reparation, as of debts.
2. To seize the property of (a person) in order to compel payment of debts; distress.
To levy a distress.

[Middle English distreinen, from Old French destreindre, destreign-, from Medieval Latin distringere, distrinct-, from Latin, to hinder : dis-, apart; see dis- + stringere, to draw tight; see streig- in Indo-European roots.]

dis·train′a·ble adj.
dis·train′ment n.
dis·trai′nor, dis·train′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Law) law to seize (personal property) by way of distress
[C13: from Old French destreindre, from Latin distringere to impede, from dis-1 + stringere to draw tight]
disˈtrainable adj
disˈtrainment n
disˈtrainor, disˈtrainer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


1. to seize and hold goods, etc., of (another) in order to obtain satisfaction of a claim for damages, unpaid rent, etc.
2. to levy a distress.
[1250–1300; Middle English distreinen < Anglo-French, Old French destreindre < Latin distringere to stretch out =di- di-2 + stringere to draw tight; see strain1]
dis•trai′nor, dis•train′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Past participle: distrained
Gerund: distraining

I distrain
you distrain
he/she/it distrains
we distrain
you distrain
they distrain
I distrained
you distrained
he/she/it distrained
we distrained
you distrained
they distrained
Present Continuous
I am distraining
you are distraining
he/she/it is distraining
we are distraining
you are distraining
they are distraining
Present Perfect
I have distrained
you have distrained
he/she/it has distrained
we have distrained
you have distrained
they have distrained
Past Continuous
I was distraining
you were distraining
he/she/it was distraining
we were distraining
you were distraining
they were distraining
Past Perfect
I had distrained
you had distrained
he/she/it had distrained
we had distrained
you had distrained
they had distrained
I will distrain
you will distrain
he/she/it will distrain
we will distrain
you will distrain
they will distrain
Future Perfect
I will have distrained
you will have distrained
he/she/it will have distrained
we will have distrained
you will have distrained
they will have distrained
Future Continuous
I will be distraining
you will be distraining
he/she/it will be distraining
we will be distraining
you will be distraining
they will be distraining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been distraining
you have been distraining
he/she/it has been distraining
we have been distraining
you have been distraining
they have been distraining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been distraining
you will have been distraining
he/she/it will have been distraining
we will have been distraining
you will have been distraining
they will have been distraining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been distraining
you had been distraining
he/she/it had been distraining
we had been distraining
you had been distraining
they had been distraining
I would distrain
you would distrain
he/she/it would distrain
we would distrain
you would distrain
they would distrain
Past Conditional
I would have distrained
you would have distrained
he/she/it would have distrained
we would have distrained
you would have distrained
they would have distrained
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.distrain - levy a distress on
levy, impose - impose and collect; "levy a fine"
2.distrain - confiscate by distress
confiscate, impound, sequester, seize, attach - take temporary possession of as a security, by legal authority; "The FBI seized the drugs"; "The customs agents impounded the illegal shipment"; "The police confiscated the stolen artwork"
3.distrain - legally take something in place of a debt payment
reclaim, repossess - claim back
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[dɪsˈtreɪn] VI (Jur) to distrain uponsecuestrar, embargar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


vi (Jur) to distrain upon somebody’s goodsjds Eigentum beschlagnahmen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in classic literature ?
"I want to tell you, I must hand over that rent of Fowler's to the Squire, or else tell him I gave it you; for he's threatening to distrain for it, and it'll all be out soon, whether I tell him or not.
The suspension is perhaps not unconnected with the recent decision of the Court of Appeal, in the case of GTB v.Ekiti State Board of Internal Revenue, where the Court of Appeal based on the combined interpretation of Sections 55, 58 and 104 of the PITA held that an ex-parte application for an Order to distrain can only be issued against a taxpayer where the taxpayer has failed to comply (within the specified time) with a final and conclusive assessment communicated to the taxpayer through a demand notice.
Distrain, irritation, unable to concentrate, difficulty to take decision, feel less commitment to work, difficulty in sleeping, headache, backache and other physical problems of heart diseases, digestive system, and musculoskeletal disorders are the product of worksite strain.
Only a few days after the construction was started, a group of settlers, secured by the Israeli military, came to suspend the work under the claim that it lacked the proper building permit; the soldiers also threatened the private constructor from Hebron, now gone with his machines, with the equipment distrain. A week later, the municipality received an official demolition order from the ICA (a military body dealing with the civil population under occupation), to destroy the already repaired part of the road (see also POICA, 2015; UAWC, 2016).
landlord may enter to collect rent and to distrain where that is
The difficulty in Keech arose because the lease in question was "not of corporeal land but merely of the market rights, and so there was nothing on which the lessor could distrain if the rent was not paid; and there was little comfort in a mere covenant to pay rent given by an infant" (ibid).
Several phytopathometric computer applications have been proposed: Distrain (TOMERLIN & HOWELL, 1988); Disease.Pro (NUTTER & WORAWITLIKIT, 1989); Barley.Pro, Alfalfa.Pro, Corn.Pro, Grape.Pro, Soybean.Pro and Severity.Pro, SiTAV, ST-Aval, QuantiPest/DidactePIC, Phomadidacte, WinCombro and Soy Disease Analyzer.
It does not, for example, include a landlord's right to distrain the goods of the tenant in any of its provisions setting out the rights of landlords.
It must be underlined that the debts that are not yet due are not accelerated by the Distrain Order.
which tax shall be payable at any time on demand, by the Sheriff, and if not so paid, it shall be the duty of the Sheriff to forthwith distrain [to seize property for money owed] and seize such gun or pistol, and sell the same for cash....
In Book 6, when Nausikaa advises Odysseus to ask for hospitality at her father's house, but she warns him that, before arriving in town, he must separate from her and her maid servants, in order to avoid the distrain ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) of the Phaiakian people {Od.